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Write me computer science lab report junior british business rewriting My Successful Harvard Application (Complete Common App + Supplement)In 2005, I applied to college and got into every school I applied to, including Harvard, Princeton, Stanford, and this guide, I’ll show you the entire college application that got me into Harvard - page by page, word for my complete analysis, I'll take you through my Common Application, Harvard supplemental application, personal statements and essays, extracurricular activities, teachers' letters of recommendation, counselor recommendation, complete high school transcript, and more assuming it is single-spaced in Verdana 7 point font.Please do not change the size of this text box.

Each submission will be assigned a uniqueHarvard-MIT Health Sciences and B Road Race Equipment Standards — 32 C. General Equipment Standards 32 D. Motorcycle Equipment Inspection   34 E.   Pro-Am numbers will be the last two digits of AMA membership number plus first letter of last name. 3. Number plate size. type, and placement shall comply with the AMA Professional Rule Book..Each submission will be assigned a uniqueHarvard-MIT Health Sciences and.

J rgen Steimle email protected Martin Weigel email protected Saarland my complete analysis, I'll take you through my Common Application, Harvard supplemental application, personal statements and essays, extracurricular activities, teachers' letters of recommendation, counselor recommendation, complete high school transcript, and more. I’ll also give you in-depth commentary on every part of my my knowledge, a college application analysis like this has never been done is the application guide I wished I had when I was in high school General Guide the University of Salford.

This is the application guide I wished I had when I was in high school.If you’re applying to top schools like the Ivy Leagues, you’ll see firsthand what a successful application to Harvard and Princeton looks ’ll learn the strategies I used to build a compelling ’ll see what items were critical in getting me admitted, and what didn’t end up helping much at g this guide from beginning to end will be well worth your time - you might completely change your college application strategy as a result razestudios.net/essay/biosecurity.php.If you’re applying to top schools like the Ivy Leagues, you’ll see firsthand what a successful application to Harvard and Princeton looks ’ll learn the strategies I used to build a compelling ’ll see what items were critical in getting me admitted, and what didn’t end up helping much at g this guide from beginning to end will be well worth your time - you might completely change your college application strategy as a result.I was so thrilled when I got this letter razestudios.net/essay/biosecurity.php.I was so thrilled when I got this letter.It validated many years of hard work, and I was excited to take my next step into college ( work even harder).

I received similar successful letters from every college I applied to: Princeton, Stanford, and MIT.

(After getting into Harvard early, I decided not to apply to Yale, Columbia, UChicago, UPenn, and other Ivy League-level schools, since I already knew I would rather go to Harvard.) The application that got me admitted everywhere is the subject of this 're going to see everything that the admissions officers saw.If you’re hoping to see an acceptance letter like this in your academic future, I highly recommend you read this entire article.I'll start first with an introduction to this guide and important I'll share the #1 question you need to be thinking about as you construct your y, we'll spend a lot of time going through every page of my college application, both the Common App and the Harvard Supplemental ’s in This Harvard Application Guide? From my student records, I was able to retrieve the COMPLETE original application I submitted to Harvard.Page by page, word for word, you’ll see everything exactly as I presented it: extracurricular activities, awards and honors, personal statements and essays, and addition to all this detail, there are two special parts of this college application breakdown that I haven’t seen anywhere else: You’ll see my FULL recommendation letters and evaluation includes recommendations from two teachers, one principal, and supplementary ly you don’t get to see these letters because you waive access to them when ’ll see how effective strong teacher advocates will be to your college application, and why it’s so important to build strong relationships with your letter writers.

You’ll see the exact pen marks made by my Harvard admissions reader on my s of admissions committees consider thousands of applications every year, which means they highlight the pieces of each application they find 'll see what the admissions officer considered important - and what she didn't.For every piece of my application, I’ll provide commentary on what made it so effective and my strategies behind creating it. You'll learn what it takes to build a compelling overall application.Importantly, even though my application was strong, it wasn't perfect.I'll point out mistakes I made that I could have corrected to build an even stronger ’s a complete table of contents for what we’ll be link goes directly to that section, although I'd recommend you read this from beginning to end on your first biggest caveat for you when reading this guide: thousands of students get into Harvard and Ivy League schools every year.

This guide tells a story about one person and presents one archetype of a strong you’ll see, I had a huge academic focus, especially in science (this was my Spike).I’m also irreverent and have a strong, direct you see in this guide is NOT what YOU need to do to get into Harvard, especially if you don’t match my interests and personality at I explain in my Harvard guide, I believe I fit into one archetype of a strong applicant – the academic superstar.There are other distinct ways to impress, like: being world-class in a non-academic talent achieving something difficult and noteworthy – building a meaningful organization, writing a novel coming from tremendous adversity and performing remarkably well relative to expectations Therefore, DON’T worry about copying my approach ’t worry if you’re taking a different number of AP courses or have lower test scores or do different extracurriculars or write totally different personal is what schools like Stanford and Yale want to see – a diversity in the student population! The point of this guide is use my application as a vehicle to discuss what top colleges are looking for in strong applicants. Even though the specific details of what you'll do are different from what I did, the principles are the makes a candidate truly stand out is the same, at a high level.What makes for a super strong recommendation letter is the same.

 The strategies on how to build a cohesive, compelling application are the ’s a final reason you shouldn’t worry about replicating my work – the application game has probably changed a bit since logy is much more pervasive, the social issues teens care about are different, the extracurricular activities that are truly noteworthy have probably gotten even more I did might not be as impressive as it used to be.So focus on my general points, not the specifics, and think about how you can take what you learn here to achieve something even greater than I ever that major caveat aside, here are a string of smaller disclaimers.I’m going to present my application factually and be 100% straightforward about what I achieved and what I believed was strong in my is what I believe will be most helpful for you.I hope you don’t misinterpret this as bragging about my accomplishments.I’m here to show you what it took for me to get into Harvard, not to ask for your if you read this guide and are tempted to dismiss my advice because you think I'm boasting, take a step back and focus on the big picture - how you'll improve guide is geared toward admissions into the top colleges in the country, often with admissions rates below 10%.

A sample list of schools that fit into this: Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Stanford, Columbia, MIT, UChicago, Duke, UPenn, CalTech, Johns Hopkins, Dartmouth, Northwestern, Brown.The top 3-5 in that list are especially looking for the absolute best students in the country, since they have the pick of the litter.Admissions for these selective schools works differently from schools with >20% less selective schools, having an overall strong, well-rounded application is sufficient for getting particular, having an above average GPA and test scores goes the majority of the way toward getting you admission to those higher the admission rate, the more emphasis will be placed on your other pieces I’ll present below – personal statements, extracurriculars, recommendations – will matter less.Still, it doesn’t hurt to aim for a stronger state the obvious, an application strong enough to get you Columbia will get you into UCLA my application, I’ve redacted pieces of my application for privacy reasons, and one supplementary recommendation letter at the request of the letter writer.Should i purchase computer science lab report ama sophomore one day 60 pages / 16500 words Throughout my application, we can see marks made by the admissions officer highlighting and circling things of note (you'll see the first example on the very first page).

I don’t have any other applications to compare these to, so I’m going to interpret these marks as best I the most part, I assume that whatever he underlines or circles is especially important and noteworthy – points that he’ll bring up later in committee discussions Should i order an lab report computer science single spaced Business Undergrad.(yrs 3-4) 1 the most part, I assume that whatever he underlines or circles is especially important and noteworthy – points that he’ll bring up later in committee discussions.It could also be that the reader got bored and just started highlighting things, but I doubt y, I co-founded and run a company called create online SAT/ACT prep programs that adapt to you and your strengths and weaknesses.I believe we’ve created the best prep program available, and if you feel you need to raise your SAT/ACT score, then I encourage you to check us out.I want to emphasize that you do NOT need to buy a prep program to get a great score, and the advice in this guide has little to do with my if you’re aren’t sure how to improve your score and agree with our unique approach to SAT/ACT prep, our program may be perfect for all this past us, let’s get Is Your PERSONAL NARRATIVE? If you stepped into an elevator with Yale’s Dean of Admissions and you had 10 seconds to describe yourself and why you’re interesting, what would you say? This is what I call your PERSONAL NARRATIVE.

These are the 3 main points that represent who you are and what you’re is the story that you tell through your application, over and over is how an admissions officer should understand you after just glancing through your is how your admissions officer will present you to the admissions committee to advocate for why they should accept more unique and noteworthy your Personal Narrative is, the better.This is how you’ll stand apart from the tens of thousands of other applicants to your top choice is why I recommend so strongly that you develop a Spike to show deep interest and achievement.A compelling Spike is the core of your Personal -rounded applications do NOT form compelling Personal Narratives, because “I’m a well-rounded person who’s decent at everything” is the exact same thing every other well-rounded person tries to hing in your application should support your Personal Narrative, from your course selection and extracurricular activities to your personal statements and recommendation letters.You are a movie director, and your application is your way to tell a compelling, cohesive story through supporting , this is overly simplistic and does not represent all your complexities and your 17 years of admissions offices don’t have the time to understand this for all their PERSONAL NARRATIVE is what they will latch onto.1) a science obsessive with years of serious research work and ranked 6 th in a national science competition, with future goals of being a neuroscientist or physician 2) balanced by strong academic performance in all subjects (4.

0 GPA and perfect test scores, in both humanities and science) and proficiency in violin 3) an irreverent personality who doesn’t take life too seriously, embraces controversy, and says what’s on his mind These 3 elements were the core to my er they tell a relatively unique Personal Narrative that distinguishes me from many other strong applicants. You get a surprisingly clear picture of what I’m about. There’s no question that my work in science was my “Spike” and was the strongest piece of my application, but my Personal Narrative included other supporting elements, especially a description of my personality.This might be what you're picturing as you read this Personal Narrative, which is good, because it's distinctive.A good test of a strong Personal Narrative: if you swap out one item in the Personal Narrative, you'll get a feeling of a completely different ’s far easier to grasp onto 3 strong points about a person than 10 different thin , again, is why being well-rounded is so deadly – mix 10 different paint colors together and you end up with an unappealing, indistinguishable also that point #2 is probably the weakest, least unique part of the Personal Narrative.

Most people applying to top colleges have great test scores and grades, so this is rarely distinguishing by point #2, I meant to say that I wasn’t 100% hardcore science geek and was competent in other aspects of hout the rest of my guide, I will keep referring back to my Personal Narrative so that you’ll see how strongly each piece of my application reinforces it, from my extracurriculars to personal statements and recommendation should get a very strong flavor of who I am, which is the hallmark of a memorable, effective application.I’ll end this guide with strategies and questions for you to ponder for yourself.The major question for you to ponder as you read is – what is YOUR Personal Narrative, and how are you going to show it through every component of your application?Drilling down into more details, here’s an overview of my application.0 GPA, unweighted, with 12 AP courses (5 in senior year).I got perfect SAT and ACT scores (1600 and 36) and seven 5’s on AP courses by the time I percentile in the country, but it was NOT sufficient to get me into Harvard by itself! Because there are roughly 4 million high school students per year, the top 1 percentile still has 40,000 students.

You need other ways to set yourself extracurriculars and awards were what really got me into particular, I ranked nationally in the top 20 in the US National Chemistry Olympiad, and I participated in Research Science Institute, what was then (and may still be now) the most prestigious science research program for high school Spike will most often come from your extracurriculars and academic honors, just because it’s hard to really set yourself apart with your coursework and test letters of recommendation were very strong.Both my recommending teachers marked me as “one of the best they’d ever taught.” Importantly, they corroborated my Personal Narrative, especially regarding my personal statements were, in retrospect, just represented my humorous and irreverent side well, but they come across as too self-satisfied.Because of my Spike, I don’t think my essays were as important to my y, let's get started by digging into the very first pages of my Common Complete Common Application, Page by Page To set the stage, I applied Early Action to Harvard early in senior year, and this is the application I used to get in was also the same Common Application I used for Regular Decision to Princeton, Stanford, and a few other ’s start with the Common Application, which will form the bulk of the application.

Then we’ll go into the Harvard supplemental applications have changed in format a bit since 2005, so I’ll be indicating what each section is now known as in the latest Common known as: Profile This is a straightforward section where you list your basic as I point out below, a lot is conveyed about you through just a few questions.

I’m going to redact some stuff here for privacy reasons.There are a few notable points about how simple questions can actually help build a first impression around what your Personal Narrative , notice the circle around my email is the first of many marks the admissions officer made on my reason I think he circled this was that the email address I used is a joke pun on my name.I knew it was risky to use this vs something like email protected , but I thought it showed my personality better (remember point #3 about having an irreverent personality in my Personal Narrative).Underware aesthetic expressive and functional nbsp fluid interfaces Don’t be afraid to show who you really are, rather than your perception of what they want. What you think UChicago or Stanford wants is probably VERY wrong, because of how little information you have, both as an 18-year-old and as someone who hasn't read thousands of applications.

(It’s also entirely possible that it’s a formality to circle email addresses, so I don’t want to read too much into it, but I think I’m right 24 Nov 2017 - 1Department of Physics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02138, USAlevel, regardless of the scientific merits of the paper.(It’s also entirely possible that it’s a formality to circle email addresses, so I don’t want to read too much into it, but I think I’m right.) Second, I knew in high school that I wanted to go into the medical sciences, either as a physician or as a scientist.I was also really into studying the brain 31 Dec 2015 - In my complete analysis, I'll take you through my Common Application, Harvard supplemental application, personal statements and essays, extracurricular activities, teachers' letters ofTeacher Letter #1: AP Chemistry; Teacher Letter #2: AP English Lang; School Report; Principal Recommendation.

I was also really into studying the brain.So I listed both in my Common App to build onto my Personal Narrative 31 Dec 2015 - In my complete analysis, I'll take you through my Common Application, Harvard supplemental application, personal statements and essays, extracurricular activities, teachers' letters ofTeacher Letter #1: AP Chemistry; Teacher Letter #2: AP English Lang; School Report; Principal I listed both in my Common App to build onto my Personal the long run, both predictions turned out to be wrong .In the long run, both predictions turned out to be college, I did go to Harvard Medical School for the MD/PhD program for 4 years, but I left to pursue entrepreneurship and co-founded er, in the time I did actually do research, I switched interests from neuroscience to bioengineering/ es don’t expect you to stick to career goals you stated at the age of 18.Figuring out what you want to do is the point of college! But this doesn't give you an excuse to avoid showing a early question is still a chance to build that Personal , recommend AGAINST "Undecided" as an area of study – it suggests a lack of flavor and is hard to build a compelling story your high school work thus far, you should at least be leaning to something, even if that’s likely to change in the y, in the demographic section there is a big red A, possibly for Asian American.I’m not going to read too much into you’re a notable minority, this is where you’d indicate section was straightforward for me.

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I didn’t take college courses, and I took a summer chemistry class at a nearby high school because I didn’t get into the lottery at my school that year (I refer to this briefly in my 4.The most notable point of this section: the admissions officer circled Principal is notable because our school Principal only wrote letters for fewer than 10 students each lors wrote letters for the other hundreds of students in my class, which made my application stand out just a little.I’ll talk more about this below, when I share the Principal’s recommendation .I’ll talk more about this below, when I share the Principal’s recommendation.

(In the current Common Application, the Education section also includes Grades, Courses, and Honors.Now known as: Testing Back then AP scores weren’t part of this section, but I’ll take them from another part of my application here http://homeboutique.info/coursework/where-to-get-an-international-relations-coursework-british-writing-from-scratch-premium 2017-12-15 daily 0.9 http://homeboutique.info/laboratory-report/best-websites-to-order-a-biology-laboratory-report-7-days-single-spaced-college-sophomore 2017-12-15 daily 0.9  .

Now known as: Testing Back then AP scores weren’t part of this section, but I’ll take them from another part of my application here.

I scored a perfect 1600 on my SAT (the SAT changed to a 2400 scale in 2005, and it’s changed back to 1600 in 2016), a 36 on my ACT, 800’s on all but one SAT Subject Test, and seven 5’s on AP tests http://homeboutique.info/coursework/where-to-get-an-international-relations-coursework-british-writing-from-scratch-premium 2017-12-15 daily 0.9 http://homeboutique.info/laboratory-report/best-websites-to-order-a-biology-laboratory-report-7-days-single-spaced-college-sophomore 2017-12-15 daily 0.9  .I scored a perfect 1600 on my SAT (the SAT changed to a 2400 scale in 2005, and it’s changed back to 1600 in 2016), a 36 on my ACT, 800’s on all but one SAT Subject Test, and seven 5’s on AP tests.I need to make one very important point that stresses a lot of students and parents do NOT need perfect scores to get into Harvard, Princeton, Yale or other top schools.It’s true that colleges want you to take a very demanding courseload and to excel all, schools like Harvard have the pick of the litter, and there are plenty of students who get super high test scores AND have amazing er, over 40,000 students fit in the top 1 percentile of students r, test scores act as a FILTER and are NOT SUFFICIENT for schools are generally looking to see that you fit in the top 1 percentile of the country.But within that 1 percentile, your score does NOT make a big difference in your chances of percentile is a 2400, and the 25 th percentile of 35 and a 25 th percentile of other words, a 1530 on the SAT (or a 2300 on the onld 2400 scale) is NOT going to significantly change your chances, compared to a perfect their eyes, you’ve already proven yourself know that there is some amount of chance every time you take a test, so a 1600 is more or less equivalent to a 1530.NO ONE looked at my test scores alone and thought, "Wow, based on his GPA and test scores, Allen really deserves admission!” However, their standards are still very really do want to be in that top 1 percentile to pass the filter.

A 1400 on the SAT (2100 on the 2400 scale) IS going to put you at a disadvantage because there are so many students scoring higher than ’ll really have to dig yourself out of the hole with an amazing application.I talk about this a lot more in my Get into Harvard guide (sorry to keep linking this, but I really do think it's an important guide for you to read).Are you struggling with your SAT/ACT scores? Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by 4 points? We've written a guide for each test about the top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your ad it for free now:Even though math and science was easy for me, I had to put in serious effort to get an 800 on much as I wish I could say it was trivial for me, it wasn’t.I learned a bunch of strategies and dissected the test to get to a point where I understood the test super well and reliably earned perfect scores.I cover the most important points in my my 800 Guides for Reading, Writing, and Math.

Between the SAT and ACT, the SAT was my primary focus, but I decided to take the ACT for tests were so similar that I scored a 36 Composite without much two test scores is completely unnecessary – you get pretty much zero additional , with one test score, you have already passed their known as: Family (still) This section asks for your parent information and family situation.There’s not much you can do here besides report the facts.I’m redacting a lot of stuff again for privacy reader made a number of marks here for occupation and 's likely a standard code for different types of occupations and I were to guess, I’d say that the numbers add to form some metric of “family prestige.” My dad got a Master’s at a middle-tier American school, but my mom didn’t go to graduate school, and these sections were marked 2 and 3, it seems higher numbers are given for less prestigious educations by your parents.I'd expect that if both my parents went to schools like Caltech and Dartmouth, there would be even lower numbers makes me think that the less prepared your family is, the more points you get, and this might give your application an extra you were the first one in your family to go to college, for example, you’d be excused for having lower test scores and fewer AP classes.

 Schools really do care about your background and how you performed relative to the end, schools like Harvard say pretty adamantly they don’t use formulas to determine admissions decisions, so I wouldn’t read too much into this can be shorthand to help orient an applicant's family known as: Activities For most applicants, your Extracurriculars and your Academic Honors will be where you develop your Spike and where your Personal Narrative shines through.Just below I’ll describe the activities in more detail, but first I want to reflect on this instructed, my extracurriculars were listed in the order of their interest to me.Citation and referencing guidelines 2012 university of essex The current Common App doesn’t seem to ask for this, but I would still recommend it to focus your reader’s most important point I have to make about my extracurriculars: as you go down the list, there is a HUGE drop in the importance of each additional activity to the overall I were to guess, I assign the following weights to how much each activity contributed to the strength of my activities section:In other words, participating in the Research Science Institute (RSI) was far more important than all of my other extracurriculars, combined Write me computer science lab report 100% plagiarism free double spaced CSE Writing from scratch Platinum.If I were to guess, I assign the following weights to how much each activity contributed to the strength of my activities section:In other words, participating in the Research Science Institute (RSI) was far more important than all of my other extracurriculars, combined.You can see that this was the only activity my admissions reader RSI just completely dominates all my other reason for this is the prestige of RSI PROJECT MANAGEMENT SOFTWARE FOR THE REST OF US Everybody i Planner — powerful and intuitive project planning and flowcharting Pull-down menus, 7 graphs and reports, mouse / keyboard A steal at $99.

95 for IBM PC Compatibles or Apple II series D*mo Disk $10 00 Everybody! Planner Reports — 13 more.The reason for this is the prestige of I noted earlier,RSI was (and likely still is) the most prestigious research program for high school students in the country, with an admission rate of less than 5%.Because the program was so prestigious and selective, getting in served as a big confirmation signal of my academic quality e the program was so prestigious and selective, getting in served as a big confirmation signal of my academic other words, the Harvard admissions reader would likely think, “OK, if this very selective program has already validated Allen as a top student, I’m inclined to believe that Allen is a top student and should pay special attention to him.” Now, it took a lot of prior work to even get into RSI because it's so selective.I had already ranked nationally in the Chemistry Olympiad (more below), and I had done a lot of prior research work in computer science (at Jisan Research Institute – more about this later).

But getting into RSI really propelled my application to another level.Because RSI was so important and was such a big Spike, all my other extracurriculars paled in admissions officer at Princeton or MIT probably didn’t care at all that I volunteered at a hospital or founded a high school is a good sign of developing a strong want to do something so important that everything else you do pales in comparison to it.A strong Spike becomes impossible to ignore.In contrast, if you’re well-rounded, all your activities hold equal weight – which likely means none of them are really that impressive (unless you’re a combination of Olympic athlete, internationally-ranked science researcher, and New York Times bestselling author, but then I'd call you Unicorn because you don't exist).

Apply this concept to your own interests – what can be so impressive and such a big Spike that it completely overshadows all your other achievements? This might be worth spending a disproportionate amount of time on.

 As I recommend in my Harvard guide and 4.0 GPA guide, smartly allocating your time is critical to your high school retrospect, one “mistake” I made was spending a lot of time on the violin.Each week I spent 8 hours on practice and a lesson and 4 hours of orchestra amounted to over 1,500 hours from freshman to junior result? I was pretty good, but definitely nowhere near er, there are thousands of orchestras and bands in the country, each with their own concertmasters, drum majors, and section 1 st I were to optimize purely for college applications, I should have spent that time on pushing my spike even further – working on more Olympiad competitions, or doing even more hardcore research.Looking back I don’t mind this much because I generally enjoyed my musical training and had a mostly fun time in orchestra (and I had a strong Spike anyway).But this problem can be a lot worse for well-rounded students who are stretched too from these considerations about a Spike, I have two major , developing a Spike requires continuous, increasingly ambitious foundational the beginning of high school, each step was more and more ambitious – my first academic team, my first research experience, leading up to state and national competitions and more serious research when I suggest devoting a lot of time to developing your Spike, it’s not necessarily the Spike in itself – it’s also spending time on foundational work leading up to what will be your major ’s why I don’t see my time with academic teams or volunteering as wasted, even though in the end they didn’t contribute as much to my , it is important to do things you enjoy.

I still enjoyed playing the violin and being part of an orchestra, and I really enjoyed my school’s academic teams, even though we never went beyond state level.Even if some activities don’t contribute as much to your application, it’s still fine to spend some time on them – just don’t delude yourself into thinking they’re stronger than they really are and overspend time on y, note that most of my activities were pursued over multiple is a good sign of commitment – rather than hopping from activity year to year, it’s better to show sustained commitment, as this is a better signal of genuine a future article, I’ll break down these activities in more this guide is already super long, so I want to focus our attention on the main points.Now known as: Activities In today’s Common Application, you have 50 characters to describe “Position/Leadership description and organization name” and 150 characters to describe “Please describe this activity, including what you accomplished and any recognition you received, etc.” Back then, we didn’t have as much space per activity, and instead had a short answer Short Answer prompt: Please describe which of your activities (extracurricular and personal activities or work experience) has been most meaningful and why.I chose RSI as my most significant activity for two reasons – one based on the meaning of the work, and another on the social aspect.

Reading the second paragraph now, it’s a bit cringe-y in its enthusiasm, but I really did have an amazing experience and am still good friends with some of my classmates from RSI, over a decade later.(This is only the beginning of my cringe-y writing - wait until you get to my Personal Essays.)Now known as: Writing -> Additional Information In my application and in the Common Application, there’s an Additional Information section, where you can write about anything else.I chose to spend this clarifying my extracurriculars even main motive in this section was to add more detail around my most significant activities: what I did, why they should be noteworthy to the reader, and what I personally gained from can see how there’s so much more information than appears in my brief list of activities.The only parts the reader underlined were the name of my research supervisor, and the fact that my research was then a Siemens-Westinghouse Semi-Finalist.

I highly recommend you take the time to write an Additional Information have so little space in your Yale application or Duke application to express yourself – this is purposely designed so everyone doesn't submit 100 pages of you have an extra 650 words to add more color around your life and accomplishments – DO IT.Now known as: Education -> Honors Along with Activities, Academic Honors is the other major area where you can really shine and develop a big higher the level of competition and the more prestigious the award, the more the honor is has a log-linear relationship, because of how quickly the field is narrowed at each stage of competition.A state ranking is probably worth 10x that of a regional ranking;a national ranking 10x that of a state ranking; and an international ranking even can also mean an international ranking is worth 1000x that of a regional ranking – again, why a big Spike is so impressive.It’s obvious that schools like Yale and UChicago want the best students in the world that they can get their hands ic honors and awards are a great, quantifiable way to show ’s the complete list of Academic Honors I Common Application now limits you to 5 honors only (probably because they got tired of lists like these), but chances are you capture the top 98% of your honors with the top 5.Just like for my Activities, there is a huge decay in importance as you go down the list.

By far, the biggest academic honor I had was competing in the US National Chemistry Olympiad, where I ranked #6 in the country in junior year, out of roughly 11,000 students who took the first round single honor probably contributed 90% of the value of this you don’t know about these academic Olympiads, they’re like the Olympics for math and science the highest international level of competition, countries send their top 4-6 students to wage battle against each other, just like the sports Olympics.Help me write an computer science lab report 100% plagiarism-free us letter size standard writing from scratch harvard The best known subjects are Math, Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (in order of descending prestige, among nerds).I ranked at the national level, before the US selected their final team – a study camp of 20 junior year, I didn’t make it onto the international team to compete (I did in senior year, too late for college apps) Paper, Standard size (8.Page Margins, 1Spacing, Double-spaced throughout, including captions and bibliography, Double-spaced.Alignment of TextThe label, title, and source (if any) appear underneath the figure, flush left, in a continuous block of text rather than one element per line.In junior year, I didn’t make it onto the international team to compete (I did in senior year, too late for college apps).

But this was still a national level honor, in a well-known you are nationally or internationally ranked for something meaningful, you really stand out in the reader’s mind, because most applicants only have regional and state honors, if even that 18 Sep 2013 - In the paper condition, text was printed on normal white paper of dimensions 8.5×11 inches, using a 14 pt Times font, with 1-inch margins and normal single line spacing, with right-ragged margins, displaying an average of 13.If you are nationally or internationally ranked for something meaningful, you really stand out in the reader’s mind, because most applicants only have regional and state honors, if even that.This is why I say a big Spike makes you stand out clearly among a bin of well-rounded applicants 18 Sep 2013 - In the paper condition, text was printed on normal white paper of dimensions 8.5×11 inches, using a 14 pt Times font, with 1-inch margins and normal single line spacing, with right-ragged margins, displaying an average of 13.This is why I say a big Spike makes you stand out clearly among a bin of well-rounded that even though I had a strong application, I clearly didn’t have the strongest application Harvard in my class, I knew International Math and Physics Olympiad gold medalists, people who were on their national teams for the hardest subjects AND ranked in the top percentiles worldwide.(And there were students with similar level accomplishments in other arenas, from music performance to writing.

) Earning this kind of honor was nearly a golden ticket to getting into schools like Harvard, because you literally are the best in the world at what you care about.So you don’t need anywhere near a “perfect” application to get in.I know this is intimidating, if you don’t already have a prestigious remember there are thousands of nationally-ranked people in a multitude of honor types, from science competitions to essay contests to athletics to weird I strongly believe the #1 differentiator of high school students who achieve things is work ethic, NOT intelligence or , you need a baseline level of competence to get places, but people far undervalue the progress they can make if they work hard and persevere.Far too many people give up too quickly or fatigue without putting in serious you’re stuck thinking, “well I’m just an average person, and there’s no way I’m going to become world-class in anything,” then you’ve already lost before you’ve truth is everyone who achieves something of note puts in an incredible amount of hard e this is invisible to you, it looks like talent is what distinguishes the two of you, when really it’s much more often like extracurriculars, there’s a quick dropoff in value of each item after that.

My research work took up the next two honors, one a presentation at an academic conference, and the other (Siemens) a research competition for high school rest of my honors were pretty middling: National Merit Scholarship semifinalist pretty much equates to PSAT score, which is far less important than your SAT/ACT I didn’t really get any credit for this, and you won’t either In Science Olympiad (this is a team-based competition that's not as prestigious as the academic Olympiads I just talked about), I earned a number of 1 st place state and regional medals, but we never made it to nationals.

I was mediocre at competition math because I didn’t train for it, and I won some regional awards but nothing amazing.

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This is one place I would have spent more time, maybe in the time I’d save by not practicing violin as much.There are great resources for this type of training, like Art of Problem Solving, that I didn’t know existed and could've helped me rank much the risk of beating a dead horse, think about how many state medalists there are in the country, in the hundreds of competitions that number of state to national rankers is probably at least 20:1 (less than 50:1 because of variation in state size), so if there are 2,000 nationally ranked students, there are 40,000 state-ranked students in something! So state honors really don't help you stand out on your Princeton the other hand, if you can get to be nationally ranked in something, you will have an amazing Spike that distinguishes you.“What is the perfect combination of personal, funny, heartrending, and inspirational?” I know I was wondering this when I read books like 50 Successful Harvard Application Essays, I was frightened Color transparencies must have acolor balance (consistency in lighting and film speed); 35 mm transparencies are enlarged to twice original size. Indicate top   Brief case presentations or short reports of a pertinent observation in the form of a Letter to the Editors. OTHER Abbreviations: Use only standard abbreviations..“What is the perfect combination of personal, funny, heartrending, and inspirational?” I know I was wondering this when I read books like 50 Successful Harvard Application Essays, I was frightened.

I didn’t grow up as a refugee, wrenched from my war-torn home! I didn’t have a sibling with a debilitating illness! How could anything I write compare to these tales of personal strength? The trite truth is that colleges want to know who you really are.

Clearly they don’t expect everyone to have had immense personal they do want students who are: thoughtful kind and good-hearted Whatever those words mean to you in the context of your life is what you should write retrospect, in the context of MY application, the personal statement really wasn’t what got me into Harvard Should i get writing assistance internet presentation College Sophomore double spaced Writing from scratch American.Clearly they don’t expect everyone to have had immense personal they do want students who are: thoughtful kind and good-hearted Whatever those words mean to you in the context of your life is what you should write retrospect, in the context of MY application, the personal statement really wasn’t what got me into Harvard.I do think my Spike was nearly sufficient to get me admitted to every school in the country.I say ‘nearly’ because, even if you’re world-class, schools do want to know you’re not a jerk and that you’re an interesting person (which is conveyed through your personal essay and letters of recommendation).Back then, we had a set of different prompts:I chose to write on a topic of my choice, which no longer exists as an option (probably for good reason - kids just went all over the place).After thorough brainstorming, I didn’t really identify with any of the other topics.

I couldn’t think of a topic that wasn’t trite and that I cared about enough.I also felt a need to be distinctive and thought that a free essay topic might give me more way I saw it, the personal statement was a vehicle to convey my personality and my interests.To build my Personal Narrative, I wanted to showcase my personality and reveal a bit about my life though the life experiences I’d had weren’t distinctive in themselves, I thought I could package them from an interesting idea I used was to talk about my battle against the snooze alarm.I really did love sleep (and still do) and I thought it’d be interesting to frame my personality, interests, and life experiences from this y this personal statement is really embarrassing.I think I sound too smug and again in the interest of transparency, here goes:What did you think? I’m still cringing a of this are very smug (see /r/iamverysmart), and if you want to punch the writer in the face, I don’t blame ’ll get to areas of improvement later, but first, let’s talk about what this personal essay did I said above, I saw the theme of the snooze button as a VEHICLE to showcase a few qualities I cared about: 1) I fancied myself a Renaissance man (obnoxious, I know) and wanted to become an inventor and creator.

I showed this through mentioning different interests (Rubik’s cube, chemistry, Nietzsche) and iterating through a few designs for an alarm clock (electric shocks, explosions, Shakespearean sonnet recitation).2) My personality was whimsical and theme of the essay – battling an alarm clock – shows this well, in comparison to the gravitas of the typical student essay.I also found individual lines funny, like “All right, so I had violated the divine honor of the family and the tenets of Confucius.” At once I acknowledge my Chinese heritage but also make light of the situation.3) I was open to admitting weaknesses, which I think is refreshing among people taking college applications too seriously and trying too hard to frank admission of a realistic lazy habit – pushing the Snooze button – served as a nice foil to my academic honors and shows that I can be down-to-earth.

So you see how the snooze button acts as a vehicle to carry these major points and a lot of details, tied together to the same the same way, The Walking Dead is NOT a zombie show – the zombie environment is a VEHICLE by which to show human drama and ing my points together under the snooze button theme makes it a lot more interesting than just outright saying “I’m such an interesting guy.” So overall, I believe the essay accomplishes my goals and the main points of what I wanted to convey about that this is just one of many ways to write an essay.It worked for me, but it may be totally inappropriate for let's look at this essay's g at it with a more seasoned perspective, some parts of it are WAY too try-hard.I try too hard to show off my breadth of knowledge in a way that seems artificial and embellishing.The entire introduction with the Rubik’s cube seems bolted on, just to describe my long-standing desire to be a Renaissance man.

Who can do my lab report computer science privacy 39 pages / 10725 words 1 hour single spaced mla Only three paragraphs down do I get to the Snooze button, and I don’t refer again to the introduction until the just 650 words, I could have made the essay more cohesive by keeping the same theme from beginning to phrases really make me roll my eyes 3 Jun 2015 - The word count for a page will vary depending on font size and type, margin size, and spacing elements (single/double space, blank lines, subheadings, graphics).For a page with 1 inch margins, 12 point Times New Roman font, and minimal spacing elements, a good rule of thumb is 500 words for a single.Some phrases really make me roll my eyes.“Always hungry for more” and “ever the inventor” sound too forced and embellishing.A key principle of effective writing is to show, not say Q What does a 3 4 page paper translate to in word count Also FAQs.

A key principle of effective writing is to show, not say.You don’t say “I’m passionate about X,” you describe what extraordinary lengths you took to achieve X.The mention of Nietzsche is reader probably thought, “OK, this kid just read it in English class and now he thinks he’s a ending: “with the extra nine minutes, maybe I’ll teach myself to cook fried rice” is in the world did fried rice come from? I meant it as a nod to my Chinese heritage, but it’s too sudden to work.I could have deleted the sentence and wrapped up the essay more cleanly.I think it accomplished my major goals and showed the humorous, irreverent side of my personality well.

However, it also gave the impression of a kid who thought he knew more than he did, a pseudo-sophisticate bordering on the end of the day, I believe the safest, surefire strategy is to develop a Spike so big that the importance of the Personal Essay pales in comparison to your want your Personal Essay to be a supplement to your application, not the only reason you get are probably some cases where a well-rounded student writes an amazing Personal Essay and gets in through the strength of that.As a Hail Mary if you’re a senior and can’t improve your application further, this might the results are very variable – some readers may love your essay, others may just think it’s t a strong application to back it up, your mileage may r and Counselor Recommendations This is a really fun y you don’t get to read your letter of recommendation because you sign the FERPA waiver.I’ve also reached out to my letter writers to make sure they’re ok with my showing r recommendations are incredibly important to your application.I would say that after your coursework/test scores and activities/honors, they’re the 3 The average teacher sees thousands of students through a career, and so he or she is very well equipped to position you relative to all other rmore, your teachers are experienced adults – their impressions of you are much more reliable than your impressions of yourself (see my Personal Essay above).They can corroborate your entire Personal Narrative as an outside observer.

The most effective recommendation letters speak both to your academic strengths and to your the second factor, the teacher needs to have interacted with you meaningfully, ideally both in and out of out our guide on what makes for effective letters of ng from sophomore year, I started thinking about whom I connected better with and chose to engage with those teachers more e it’s standard for colleges to require two teachers in different subjects, I made sure to engage with English and history teachers as well as math and science.The minimum requirement for a good letter is someone who taught a class in which you did well.I got straight A’s in my coursework, so this wasn’t an tended to be teachers I vibed more strongly with, and typically these were teachers who demonstrably cared about was made clear by their enthusiasm, how they treated students, and how much they went above expectations to help.I had a lot of teachers who really just phoned it in and treated their job perfunctorily – these people are likely to write pretty blas letters.A final note before reading my actual teacher evaluations – you should avoid getting in the mindset where you get to know teachers JUST because you want a good recommendation teachers have seen hundreds, if not thousands, of students pass through, and it’s much easier to detect insincerity than you you honestly like learning and are an enthusiastic, responsible, engaging student, a great recommendation letter will follow naturally.

0 GPA for tips on how to interact with teachers in a genuine way that'll make them love you.I took AP Chemistry in 10 th grade and had Miss Cherryl Vorak (now Mynster).She was young, having taught for fewer than 5 years when I had was my favorite teacher throughout high school for these reasons: She was enthusiastic, very caring, and spent a lot of time helping struggling students.She exuded pride in her work and seemed to consider teaching her craft.

She had a kind personality and was universally well liked by her students, even if they weren’t doing so was fair in her policies (it probably helped that science is more objective than English).

She was also a younger teacher, and this helped her relate to kids more was my advocate for much of the US National Chemistry Olympiad stuff, and in this capacity I got to know her even better outside of provided me a lot of training materials, helped me figure out college chemistry, and directed me to resources to learn more.By the time of the letter writing, I had known her for two full years and engaged with her continuously, even when I wasn't taking a class with her in junior ’d build up a strong relationship over the course of many small of this flowed down to the recommendation you see , we’ll look at the teacher evaluation page.The Common Application now has 16 qualities to rate, rather than the 10 can see a very strong evaluation here, giving me the highest ratings possible for all today’s Common Application, all of these Ratings are retained, aside from “Potential for Growth.” Today's Common App also now includes Faculty Respect, Maturity, Leadership, Integrity, Reaction to Setbacks, Concern for Others, and TE Overall.You can tell that the updated Common App places a great emphasis on most important point here: it is important to be ranked “One of the top few encountered in my career” for as many ratings as you’re part of a big school, this is CRITICAL to distinguish yourself from other more experienced and trustworthy the teacher, the more meaningful this about the 20,000+ high schools in the country housing 4 million+ high school students – how many people fit in the top 5% bucket? Thus, being marked merely as Excellent (top 10%) is actually a negative rating, as far as admissions to top colleges is you're in top 10%, and someone else with the SAME teacher recommender is being rated as "One of the top ever," it's really hard for the admissions officer to vouch for you over the other really want to make sure you’re one of the best in your school class, if not one of the best the teacher has ever 'll see below how you can accomplish you read this, think – what are the interactions that would prompt the teacher to write a recommendation like this? This was a relationship built up in a period of over 2 years, with every small interaction adding to an overall larger impression.

You can see how seriously they take the letter because of all the admissions reader underlined things that weren’t even underlined in my application, like my US National Chemistry Olympiad ’s one thing for a student to claim things about himself – it’s another to have a teacher put her reputation on the line to advocate for her student.Harvard thesis latex format The letter here is very strong for a multitude of , the length is notable – most letters are just a page long, but this is nearly two full pages, single spaced.This indicates not just her overall commitment to her students but also of her enthusiastic support for me as an applicant This guide is adapted from the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th style, which is the style which must be used byrestricted to, written work, ideas, musical compositions, computer programs, laboratory or survey resultsInstead it should be placed as a separate paragraph, single-spaced and indented.This indicates not just her overall commitment to her students but also of her enthusiastic support for me as an applicant.The structure is effective: first Miss Vorak talks about my academic accomplishments, then about my personal qualities and interactions, then a summary to the the micro-level, her diction and phrasing are precise and effective E Readers Are More Effective than Paper for Some with Dyslexia the micro-level, her diction and phrasing are precise and makes my standing clear with specific statements: “youngest student…top excelling student among the two sections” and “one of twenty students in the nation.” She’s clear about describing why my achievements are notable and the effort I put in, like studying college-level chemistry and studying independently.When describing my personality, she’s exuberant and fleshes out a range of dimensions: “conscientious, motivated and responsible,” “exhibits the qualities of a leader,” “actively seeks new experiences,” “charismatic,” “balanced individual with a warm personality and sense of humor.” You can see how she's really checking off all the qualities colleges care l, Miss Vorak’s letter perfectly supports my Personal Narrative – my love for science, my overall academic performance, and my personality.

 I’m flattered and grateful to have received this letter was important to complement the overall academic performance and achievements shown on the rest of my application.Teacher Letter #2: AP English Language Teacher My second teacher Mrs.A middle-aged, veteran English teacher, the best way I would describe her is “fiery.” She was invigorating and passionate, always trying to get a rise out of students and push their thinking, especially in class nally she was a reliable source of support for students.First, the evaluation:You can see right away that her remarks are didn’t even fill out the section about “first words that come to mind to describe this student.

” You might chalk this up to my not being as standout of a student in her mind, or her getting inundated with recommendation letter requests after over a decade of ratings, you can see that I only earned 3 of the “one of the top in my career. As a teacher’s career lengthens, it gets increasingly hard to earn this mark. I probably also didn’t stand out as much as I did to my Chemistry teacher – most of my achievement was in science (which she wasn’t closely connected to), and I had talented less, I did appreciate the 3 marks she gave again, as you read this letter, think: what are the hundreds of micro-interactions that would have made a teacher write a letter like this?Overall, this letter is very strong.It’s only one page long, but her points about my personality are the critical piece of this also writes with the flair of an English teacher: “In other situations where students would never speak their minds, he showed no hesitation to voice questions, thoughts, and ideas.” “controversial positions often being the spark that set off the entire class” “ability to take the quiet and shy student and actively engage”…”went out of my way to partner him with other students who needed” “strength of conviction”…”raw, unbridled passion”…”He will argue on any topic that has touched a nerve.

”These comments most support the personality aspect of my Personal Narrative – having an irreverent, bold personality and not being afraid of speaking my stops just short of making me sound obnoxious and argumentative.An experienced teacher vouching for this adds so much more weight than just my writing it about r recommendations are some of the most important components of your application.

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 Getting very strong letters take a lot of sustained, genuine interaction over time to build mutual trust and you want detailed advice on how to interact with teachers earnestly, check out my How to Get a 4.Let’s talk about our Principal writing my recommendation, rather than a school was definitely advantageous – remember how, way up top in Educational Data, the reader circled the “Principal.” Our Principal only wrote a handful of these recommendations each year, often for people who worked closely with him, like student body it was pretty distinctive that I got a letter from our Principal, compared to other leading applicants from my was also a blessing because our counseling department was terrible 9 Dec 2017 - Psychological research paper skip to write a on read full report psychological think it with writers only us research from speedy paper writing service and How to get sociology laboratory report 100% plagiarism free Business AMA 10 days 118 pages / 32450 words.Psychological research paper skip to write  .

” Our Principal only wrote a handful of these recommendations each year, often for people who worked closely with him, like student body it was pretty distinctive that I got a letter from our Principal, compared to other leading applicants from my was also a blessing because our counseling department was terrible.

Our school had nearly 1,000 students per grade, and only 1 counselor per were overworked and ornery, and because they were the gatekeepers of academic enrollment (like class selection and prerequisites), this led to constant frictions in getting the classes you wanted.I can empathize with them, because having 500+ neurotic parents pushing for advantages for their own kids can get REALLY annoying really the counseling department was still the worst part of our high school administration, and I could have guessed that the letters they wrote were mediocre because they just had too many how did my Principal come to write my recommendation and not those for hundreds of other students? I don’t remember exactly how this came to be, to be honest.I didn’t strategize to have him write a letter for me years in advance 9 Dec 2017 - Write me computer science lab report junior british business rewriting; Should i purchase computer science lab report ama sophomore one day 60 pages   an computer science lab report 100% plagiarism-free us letter size standard writing from scratch harvard; Who can do my lab report computer science  .I didn’t strategize to have him write a letter for me years in advance.I didn’t even interact with him much at all until junior year, when I got on his radar because of my national senior year I might have talked to him about my difficulty in reaching counselors and asked that he write my I was a top student he was probably happy to do was very supportive, but as you can tell from the letter to come, it was clear he didn’t know me that well help me do an public relations coursework Writing American Chicago.I didn’t even interact with him much at all until junior year, when I got on his radar because of my national senior year I might have talked to him about my difficulty in reaching counselors and asked that he write my I was a top student he was probably happy to do was very supportive, but as you can tell from the letter to come, it was clear he didn’t know me that well.Interestingly, the prompt for the recommendation has used to start with: “Please write whatever you think is important about this student.

” Now, it starts with: " Please provide comments that will help us differentiate this student from others.” The purpose of the recommendation has shifted to the specific: colleges probably found that one counselor was serving hundreds of students, so the letters started getting mushy and indistinguishable from each ’s the letter:This letter is probably the weakest overall of all my letters.It reads more like a verbal resume than a personal account of how he understands my two teacher recommendations, he doesn’t comment on the nature of our interactions or about my personality (because he truly didn’t understand them well).He also misreported by SAT score as 1530 instead of 1600 (I did score a 1530 in an early test, but my 1600 was ready by January 2004, so I don’t know what source he was using).Notably, the letter writer didn’t underline anything.

I still appreciate that he wrote my letter, and it was probably more effective than a generic counselor letter.But this didn’t add much to my this point, we’ve covered my entire Common Application. This is the same application I sent to every school I applied to, including Harvard, Princeton, and for reading this far – I hope you’ve gotten a lot out of this you keep reading to the end, I'll have advice for both younger students and current applicants to build the strongest application possible.Next, we’ll go over the Harvard Supplemental Application, which of course is unique to d Application Supplement For most top colleges like Princeton, Yale, Stanford, Columbia, and so on, you will need to complete a supplemental application to provide more info than what's listed on the Common good news is that it's an extra chance for you to share more about yourself and keep pushing your Personal Narrative.There are four major components here: the application formFirst, the straightforward info and questions.

This section is pretty straightforward and is similar to what you'd see on a Columbia application.I planned to live in a Harvard residence, as most students do.How to format your research paper science buddies Just as in my Common App, I noted that I was most likely to study biological sciences, choose Medicine as my vocation, and participate in orchestra, writing, and research as my g surprising here – it’s all part of my Personal stingly, at the time I was “absolutely certain” about my vocational goals, which clearly took a detour once I left medical school to pursue entrepreneurship to create PrepScholar My Successful Harvard Application Complete Common App nbsp.Interestingly, at the time I was “absolutely certain” about my vocational goals, which clearly took a detour once I left medical school to pursue entrepreneurship to create PrepScholar.

Want to improve your SAT score by 160 points? We have the industry's leading SAT prep by Harvard grads and SAT full scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep possible Need to order computer science lab report cheap one hour College Sophomore Business double by Harvard grads and SAT full scorers, the program learns your strengths and weaknesses through advanced statistics, then customizes your prep program to you so you get the most effective prep out our 5-day free trial today:I had the space to list some additional honors, where I listed some musical honors that didn't make the cut in my Common App Need to order computer science lab report cheap one hour College Sophomore Business double out our 5-day free trial today:I had the space to list some additional honors, where I listed some musical honors that didn't make the cut in my Common are the next two pages of the Harvard supplemental most interesting note here is that the admissions officer wrote a question mark above “Music tape or CD .

The most interesting note here is that the admissions officer wrote a question mark above “Music tape or CD.” Clearly this was inconsistent with my Personal Narrative – if violin was such an important part of my story, why didn’t I want to include it? The reason was that I was actually pretty mediocre at violin and was nowhere near , remember how many concertmasters in the thousands of orchestras there are in the world – I wasn’t good enough to even be in the top 3 chairs in my school orchestra (violin was very competitive).I wanted to focus attention on my most important materials, which for my Personal Narrative meant my research ’ll see these supplementary materials known as: Writing Supplement For the most part, the Harvard supplemental essay prompt has stayed the same.You can write about a topic of your choice or about any of the are now two more prompts that weren’t previously there: “What you would want your future college roommate to know about you” and “How you hope to use your college education.” Even though this is optional, I highly recommend you write something , you have so few chances in the overall application to convey your personal voice – an extra 500 words gives you a huge opportunity.

I would guess that the majority of admitted Harvard students submit a Writing Supplement.After a lot of brainstorming, I settled on the idea that I wanted to balance my application by writing about the major non-academic piece of my Personal Narrative – my music , I don’t think I explicitly recognized this at the time, but I wanted to distance myself from the Asian-American stereotype – driven entirely by parent pressure, doing most things perfunctorily and without interest.I wanted to show I’d broken out of that ’s my essay:Reading it now, I actually think this was a pretty bad essay, and I cringe to high once again, let’s focus on the positive first.I used my violin teacher as a vehicle for talking about what the violin meant to me. (You can tell I love the concept of the vehicle in essays.

) He represented passion for the violin – I represented my academic personal conflict was really the conflict between what we the end of the essay, I’d articulated the value of musical training to me – it was cathartic and a way to balance my hard academic pursuits.Halfway in the essay, I also explicitly acknowledged the Asian stereotype of parents who drove their kids, and said my parents were no pointing this out and showing how my interest took on a life of its own, I wanted to distance myself from that overall I think my aims were essay was WAY overdramatic and overwrought.Some especially terrible lines: “I was playing for that cathartic moment when I could feel Tchaikovsky himself looking over my shoulder.” “I was wandering through the fog in search of a lighthouse, finally setting foot on a dock pervaded by white really honestly feels this way? This is clumsy, contrived signals insincerity, actually, which is bad.To be fair, all of this is grounded in truth.

I did have a strict violin teacher who did get pretty upset when I showed lack of improvement.I did appreciate music as a diversion to round out my academic focus.I did practice hard each day, and I did have a pretty gross callus on my I would have done far better by making it more sincere and less overworked.As an applicant, you’re tempted to try so hard to impress your want to show that you’re wWorthy of really the best approach is to be honest.I think this essay was probably neutral to my application, not a strong net positive or net negative.

Supplementary Recommendations Harvard lets you submit letters from up to two Other Recommenders.The Princeton application, Penn application, and others are usually the the other optional components (the Additional Information in the Common App, and the Supplementary Essay), I would actually consider these letters reader gets most of the recommendation value from your teacher recommendations – these are really supplementary.A worthwhile Other Recommender: has interacted with you extensively and can speak to your personality is likely to support you as one of the best students they’ve interacted with If your Other Recommenders don't fulfill one or more of these categories, do NOT ask for supplementary 'll dilute your application without adding substantively to it.To beat a dead horse, the primary component of my Personal Narrative was my science and research naturally I chose supervisors for my two major research experiences to write supplemental was the Director of Research Science Institute (the selective summer research program at MIT).The second was from the head of Jisan Research Institute, where I did Computer Science mentary Recommendation #1 This letter validates my participation in RSI and incorporates the feedback from my research mentor, David Simon.

At the time, the RSI students were the most talented students I had met, so I’m also flattered by some of the things the letter writer said, like “Allen stood out early on as a strong performer in academic settings.” I didn’t get to know the letter writer super well, so he commented mainly on my academic qualifications and comments from my mentor, who was at one of the major Harvard-affiliated hospitals, said some very nice things about my research ability, like: "is performing in many ways at the level of a graduate student" "impressed with Allen's ability to read even advanced scientific publications and synthesize his understanding" Once again, it's much more convincing for a seasoned expert to vouch for your abilities than for you to claim your own mentary Recommendation #2 My first research experience was done at Jisan Research Institute, a small private computer science lab run by a Caltech research staff were mainly high school students like me and a few grad students/postdocs.My research supervisor, Sanza Kazadi, wrote the ’s requested that I not publish the letter, so I’ll only speak about his main the letter, he focused on the quality of my work and said that I had a strong focus in my work, and my research moved along more reliably than that of other students.I was independent in my work in swarm engineering, he says, putting together a simulation of the swarm and publishing a paper in conference proceedings.He talked about my work in leading a research group and placing a high degree of trust in l, a strong recommendation, and you get the gist of his letter without reading notable point – both supplemental letters had no marks on them.

Where to order an lab report computer science premium rewriting college a4 (british/european) I really think this means they place less emphasis on the supplementary recommendations, compared to the teacher y, finally, we get to the very last piece of my application.Because research was such a core part of my Personal Narrative, I decided to include abstracts of both of my papers .Because research was such a core part of my Personal Narrative, I decided to include abstracts of both of my papers.The main point was to summarize the body of work I’d done and communicate the major Harvard says, “These materials are entirely optional; please only submit them if you have unusual talents.” This is why I chose not to submit a tape of my music: I don't think my musical skill was unusually good.

And frankly, I don’t think my research work was that some of my very accomplished classmates, I hadn’t ranked nationally in prestigious competitions like ISEF and Siemens.I hadn’t published my work in prominent less, I thought these additions would be net positive, if only marginally so.I made sure to note where the papers had been published or were entering competitions, just to ground the work in some achievement.Overall Recap and Advice So there we have it – my entire college promised, I showed you every single page and word, in excruciating again, the point of my showing this to you is NOT to give you an application to replicate, but rather to talk you through how to craft a compelling, coherent my advice, you should be able to go through similar thinking and apply the concepts to your own are the most important pieces of advice and questions for you to think about.For Freshmen to Juniors in High School The earlier you are in high school, the more time you have to prepare and implement the right strategies to build a strong, distinctive are the most important questions that form the foundation of your application: In your fields of interest, what can be such a big Spike that it completely overshadows everything else you can do? Think are the steps you must take to achieve this? Are your test scores, coursework, and grades good enough to comfortably put you in the 99 th percentile nationwide? What is lacking right now, and how can you make the biggest improvement with the least amount of effort? You need at least two teachers you engage well with, in different subjects, to write your are these teachers? How can you interact with them, inside and outside of class, to get them to advocate for you 100%? What can you do to make them say you were one of the very best students they’ve ever taught? What is the Personal Narrative you want to tell? This can change over time, but start thinking about who you are as a person, and how you can show that through your you execute successfully on these three dimensions, you will be on the path to getting admission to schools like Harvard and you can accomplish a lot more than you think if you work hard and strategize smartly.

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This article has been cited by other articles in ct Disparities in health status between American Indians and other groups in the United States have persisted throughout the 500 years since Europeans arrived in the sts, traders, missionaries, soldiers, physicians, and government officials have struggled to explain these disparities, invoking a wide range of possible an Indians joined these debates, often suggesting different ans and Americans also struggled to respond to the disparities, sometimes working to relieve them, sometimes taking advantage of the ill health of American ic and political interests have always affected both explanations of health disparities and responses to them, influencing which explanations were emphasized and which interventions were ns also appear in ongoing debates about the contributions of genetic and socioeconomic forces to the pervasive health tanding how these economic and political forces have operated historically can explain both the persistence of the health disparities and the controversies that surround INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE (IHS) faced a daunting challenge when it was established in populations living in rural poverty suffered terribly from ulosis continued to thrive, and infant mortality reached 4 times the national the past 50 years, the IHS has improved health conditions dramatically, but disparities persist—American Indians continue to experience some of the worst health conditions in the United gh this persistence is striking, it is even more striking that the disparities have existed not for 50 years but for 500 the earliest years of colonization, American Indians have suffered more severely whether the prevailing diseases were smallpox, tuberculosis, alcoholism, or other chronic afflictions of modern history of these disparities provides perspective on many vexing problems of contemporary American Indian health an and American observers have offered a diverse range of causes to explain Indian susceptibility, from the providential theories of Puritan colonists to emphasis on environment, behavior, genetics, or socioeconomic did American Indians and their observers evaluate these long lists of potential causes and determine which were most important or meaningful? Observers have offered a similarly diverse range of responses, from attempts that relieved disparities through health care to efforts that ignored or even exacerbated did political and economic interests shape their choices? The history also raises questions about the actual causes of the disparities have persisted, even as the underlying disease environment has American Indians have intrinsic susceptibilities to every disease for which disparities have existed? Or does the history of disparity after disparity suggest that social and economic conditions have played a more powerful role in generating Indian vulnerability to disease? Understanding the histories of health disparities may explain the complex reactions they provoke and why efforts with the best intentions have fallen TERS AND EPIDEMICS American Indians struggled with ill health even before Europeans gh pre-Columbian populations were spared the ravages of smallpox, measles, influenza, and many other infections, they did not inhabit a disease-free l analyses of skeletal remains have revealed many diseases, including tuberculosis and pneumonia.1 Whereas some populations, such as those of coastal Georgia or Brazil, enjoyed excellent health, many American Indian groups stretched their environments past the limits of the arid southwest to the crowded urban centers of Mexico and Peru, malnutrition, disease, and violence kept life expectancies below 25 years of disparities also existed within populations, such as the complex stratified societies of Mesoamerica and the Andes.2 Moreover, paleoanthropologists have documented widespread evidence of worsening malnutrition and disease during the years before Europeans ne ill health made American Indians vulnerable to European ity increased soon after the arrival of Christopher Columbus, and it quickly reached catastrophic tes of pre-contact American populations vary between 8 and 112 million (2 to 12 million for North America), and estimates of total mortality range from 7 to 100 million.4 Whatever the exact numbers, the mortality was unprecedented and iola, the first region subjected to Spanish conquest, foretold the fate of other areas: the Arawak population decreased from as many as 400000 in 1496 to 125 in 1570.

5 Every new encounter brought new ox, measles, influenza, and malaria (and possibly hepatitis, plague, chickenpox, and diphtheria) spread into Mexico and Peru during the 16th century, New France and New England during the 17th century, and throughout North America and the Pacific islands during the 18th and 19th tions often decreased by more than 90% during the first century after recently as the 1940s and 1960s, new highways and new missionaries brought pathogens to previously isolated tribes in Alaska and Amazonia.

6 News of the devastation reached Europe 1516, Peter Martyr condemned Spanish brutality but acknowledged that many Indians died from “newe and straunge diseases.” The combined impact of abuse and disease was horrifying: “They were once rekened to bee above twelve hundreth thousande heades: But what they are nowe, I abhorre to rehearse.”7 The English first encountered such mortality during their early efforts to colonize North Carolina and 1585, Thomas Hariot witnessed epidemics among the Roanok: wherever the English visited, “the people began to die very fast.”8 In 1616, Richard Vines wintered with the Pemaquid in local tribes “were sore afflicted with the Plague, for that the Country was in a manner left void of inhabitants.”9 Although its diagnosis remains unclear (smallpox? chicken pox? hepatitis?), the epidemic decimated the coast from Maine to Cape Cod and allowed colonists to move into abandoned Indian villages.

10 Another epidemic, likely smallpox, struck in 1633.11 Wherever the English went, they saw evidence of ing to William Bradford, the victims “not being able to bury one another, their skulls and bones were found in many places lying still above the ground where their houses and dwellings had been, a very sad spectacle to behold.” Bradford estimated overall mortality at 95%.13 The mortality was not completely of the Ply-mouth colonists died during the first winter.14 Of 6000 colonists sent to Jamestown between 1607 and 1624, only 1200 remained in 1625.

15 Despite their own mortality, explorers and colonists marveled at disparities in disease they remained healthy while the Roanok succumbed, the English wondered whether they should credit the odd epidemic to a recent comet, an eclipse, or a “speciall woorke of God for our to get an research paper urban studies 100% original 11 days platinum college sophomore cse ”16 Although Vines and his crew shared winter cabins with the dying Pemaquid, “(blessed be GOD for it) not one of them ever felt their heads to ch careers for american indian alaska native nurses pathway nbsp ”17 When English colonists nursed American Indians suffering from smallpox in Connecticut in 1633, “by the marvelous goodness and providence of God, not one of the English was so much as sick.Need to purchase engineering laboratory report 100% plagiarism-free business junior custom writing single spaced ”18 By the late 17th century, it was clear that Indian and European populations had followed different the English thrived, northeastern Indians declined, victims of disease, displacement, and warfare of Quebec, the dissertation juxtaposes these proposals with the traditions of disputeYou have always the biggest and best part of my heart, and myWilliam's War opens in the British North 7 Dec 2017 - Importance Of Research Proposal EssaySOS com More Best website to buy a thesis proposal construction trades Platinum A4 (British/European) Highwriting sites for mba Premium writing service Best resume writing service chicago c Get professional thesis proposal help from custom.”18 By the late 17th century, it was clear that Indian and European populations had followed different the English thrived, northeastern Indians declined, victims of disease, displacement, and warfare of Quebec, the dissertation juxtaposes these proposals with the traditions of disputeYou have always the biggest and best part of my heart, and myWilliam's War opens in the British North.Records indicate a Kahnawake alliance with the French, which was articulated only minimally in practice Should i buy laboratory report engineering 117 pages / 32175 words US Letter Size single spaced s indicate a Kahnawake alliance with the French, which was articulated only minimally in practice.the English thrived, northeastern Indians declined, victims of disease, displacement, and warfare 15 Sep 2017 - WORKING GROUP University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, OTB - Research for the Built Environment, THE NETHERLANDS email protected Mark Livingston, .

Delft University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture and the Built Environment, OTB - Research for the Built Environment, THE NETHERLANDS email protected Mark Livingston,.University of Glasgow, Urban Studies, School of Social .University of Glasgow, Urban Studies, School of Social.the English thrived, northeastern Indians declined, victims of disease, displacement, and warfare.19 As a New York missionary described in 1705, “the English here are a very thriving growing people, and ye Indians quite otherwise, they wast away & have done ever since our first arrival among them (as they themselves say) like Snow agt.

”20 COLONIAL PRECEDENTS The mortality amazed European colonists Get custom writing help construction trades thesis proposal for me Business Sophomore A4 (British/European) 9 days.”20 COLONIAL PRECEDENTS The mortality amazed European responses illustrate many themes that occurred repeatedly as Europeans, and then Americans, witnessed the ongoing health problems among American already seen, providential explanations came quickly to Puritan minds best websites to write college general studies coursework Vancouver American double already seen, providential explanations came quickly to Puritan Winthrop, for example, wrote that “Gods hand hath so pursued them, as for 300 miles space, the greatest parte of them are swept awaye by the small poxe.”21 But providence coexisted with many natural gh disparities in health status eventually contributed to the formation of modern ideas of racial difference, the colonists did not initially see any intrinsic differences between English and Indian bodies.22 Philip Vincent, a leader of the English forces during the Pequot War, concluded that “we had the same matter, the same art and grace have given us that perfection which yet they want, but may perhaps be as capable thereof as we.”23 Believing that English and Indian bodies shared the same vulnerabilities, colonists often explained Indian epidemics in the same ways that they explained their own environment could support both health and disease, with cold winters causing aches and congestions and hot summers bringing fevers and m Wood observed that when the Massachusett changed “their bare Indian commons for the plenty of England’s fuller diet, it is so contrary to their stomachs that death or a desperate sickness immediately accrues, which makes so few of them desirous to see England.

”24 During these initial years of encounter between colonists and American Indians, providential and natural explanations appeared side by modern writers experienced a world in which all events had natural and spiritual causes synergy of meaning and mechanism provided solace in a bewildering world, reassuring colonists that everything happened according to God’s r, the different explanations often existed in fleeing Massachusett conspirators died in 1623, their leader, Ianough, feared that “the God of the English was offended with them, and would destroy them in his anger.” Edward Winslow had a more practical explanation: “Through fear they set little or no corn, which is the staff of life, and without which they cannot long preserve health and strength.”25 Daniel Gookin described similar debates about the deaths of Indian students at Harvard “attributed it unto the great change upon their bodies, in respect of their diet, lodging, apparel, studies; so much different from what they were inured to among their own countrymen.” Others saw the deaths as “severe dispensations of God,” either because “God was not pleased yet to make use of any of the Indians to preach the gospel” or because Satan “did use all his strategems and endeavors to impede the spreading of the christian faith.”26 In these cases, the colonists did not find integrated synergy of providence and natural d, they struggled to choose between debates make a crucial point: providential explanation was not simply the reflexive response of God-fearing , colonial writers considered many different explanations: providence, environment, nutrition, behavior, and physical , they could emphasize the most meaningful or useful choices reflected local economic and political h leaders, for instance, had to justify their right to settle lands already inhabited by American James I cited the epidemic-induced depopulation: “Those large and goodly Territoryes, deserted as it were by their naturall Inhabitants, should be possessed and enjoyed by such of our Subjects and People.

”27 Many of Winthrop’s most forceful statements of providential interpretation occurred when he argued in favor of English believed smallpox “cleered our title to this place.”28 After all, “if God were not pleased with our inheriting these parts, why did he drive out the natives before us? And why dothe he still make roome for us, by deminishinge them as we increace?”29 The English used disparities in health status to convince themselves that their mission in America was English were not alone in trying to turn the epidemic disparities to political Indian groups, at least according to their English chroniclers, were quick to see potential the English did not succumb to epidemics that devastated the Roanok, Ensenore and other local elders concluded that the English controlled to exploit this power, they asked the English to unleash the disease against their tribal enemies.30 Hobbamock, a counselor to Wampanoag Chief Massasoit, made a similar request of the Plymouth colonists: “Being at varience with another Sachem borderinge upon his Territories, he came in solemne manner and intreated the Governour, that he would let out the plague to destroy the Sachem, and his men who were his enemies.”31 Hobbamock and Ensenore hoped that English control over disease would make them powerful Indians also used the disparities in intratribal o, who learned to speak English when he was kidnapped by English explorers in 1614, realized that he could become an influential translator and mediator when the Plymouth colonists arrived in ing that his position would be stronger if the Wampanoag feared the English, he manipulated the tribe’s fear of told Hobbamock that the English stored plague in barrels, which they “could send forth to what place or people we would, and destroy them therewith, though we stirred not from home.” When Hobbamock confronted the English about this, Squanto’s ruse was exposed.

32 In some cases, American Indians engaged Europeans in debates about the etiologies of Jesuits, for instance, introduced smallpox and other ill-defined fevers when they arrived in Quebec in Huron asked the Jesuits “why so many of them died, saying that since the coming of the French their nation was going to destruction.”33 The Jesuits, like the English, attributed the epidemics to a range of factors, including the hardship of Huron lives, Huron religious practices, and Huron, who were suspicious of French intent, feared that the French “had a secret understanding with the disease” and could spread disease by a “crafty demon” concealed in a musket, “bewitched” cloaks, or poisoned water.34 Although the French denied Huron allegations of deliberate infection, they did admit their culpability for the Hierosme Lalemant wrote, “Where we were most welcome, where we baptized most people, there it was in fact where they died the most.”35 Within this first generation of colonization in North America, both Indians and Europeans struggled to understand the responses echoed their own perspectives and OX AND THE MORAL LIFE As European settlers moved into the North American interior, each new encounter triggered a new wave of epidemic ox struck again and again throughout the 17th and 18th reached the northwestern plains by the 1780s and the Pacific Northwest by 1802.36 A particularly virulent outbreak struck the upper Missouri valley in afflicted the tribes “with terror never before known, and has converted the extensive hunting grounds, as well as the peaceful settlements of those tribes, into desolate and boundless cemeteries.

” Between 10 000 and 150 000 Sioux, Mandan, Blackfeet, Arikara, and Assiniboine ned villages covered the plains: “No sounds but the croaking of the raven and the howling of the wolf interrupt the fearful ishing a research agenda for american indian and alaska nbsp ”37 Although smallpox dominates the accounts of Indian mortality, observers also described alcoholism, syphilis, and many other fevers and traders, soldiers, missionaries, and settlers followed their ancestors’ lead and offered a range of explanations for the American Indians’ susceptibility to gh less prevalent, providence persisted This thesis sets out to interpret Sherman Alexie's Indian Killer, Reservation Blues , I have chosen the concept of ―hybridization‖ and ―Third Space‖ as tropes that help meaccount for the racial and cultural hybridity of Native American identity, Sherman Alexie is among the few gh less prevalent, providence 1764, Thomas Hutchinson abandoned his usual skepticism of Puritan mythology: “Our ancestors supposed an immediate interposition of providence in the great mortality among the Indians to make room for the settlement of the English.I am not inclined to credulity, but should not we go into the contrary extreme if we were to take no notice of the extinction of this people in all parts of the continent Resurrecting the Peace Separate Justice and nbsp LSE Theses Online.I am not inclined to credulity, but should not we go into the contrary extreme if we were to take no notice of the extinction of this people in all parts of the continent.Need to buy an engineering laboratory report a4 (british/european) business 5 days 124 pages / 34100 words ”38 Most observers, however, emphasized destructive Indian behaviors: indifference to cleanliness, foreign diets, reckless use of sweat baths, and the “vicious and dissolute life” caused by alcohol.39 According to George Catlin, these factors, and not “some extraordinary constitutional susceptibility,” explained the smallpox mortality /coursework/how-to-purchase-a-college-general-studies-coursework-sophomore-proofreading-business-100-plagiarism-free.

39 According to George Catlin, these factors, and not “some extraordinary constitutional susceptibility,” explained the smallpox mortality Revision.This report, prepared for the twelfth Trade Policy Review of Japan, has been drawn up by the WTO Secretariat on its own responsibility.In 2013, Japan had its biggest annual trade deficit (US$118 billion), although exports increased in U.dollar terms while imports grew to their highest-ever level.

39 According to George Catlin, these factors, and not “some extraordinary constitutional susceptibility,” explained the smallpox mortality.40 Amid the diversity of potential explanations, the emphasis on behavior played a useful gh less overtly theological than providential explanations, behavioral theories had clear moral utility: disease became a tool of moral ing to missionaries, if vice brought disease to American Indians, then acceptance of Christian morality and lifestyles would bring them arguments targeted White audiences as was, after all, Whites who had introduced American Indians to alcohol and other sinful warned his readers that the legacy of White influence on Indian populations, “an unrequited account of sin and injustice,” would haunt all Americans on judgment an Ioway delegation visited London during the 1840s, an English minister demanded that the Ioway acknowledge smallpox as divine war chief had a quick reply: “If the Great Spirit sent the small pox into our country to destroy us, we believe it was to punish us for listening to the false promises of white is a white man’s disease, and no doubt it was sent among White people to punish them for their sins.”42 TUBERCULOSIS, EXTINCTION, AND THE CIVILIZING PROCESS Into the early 19th century, many European and American observers dismissed Catlin’s concerns and argued that American Indians had brought mortality on position became increasingly untenable during the 19th contact between White and American Indian societies increased, it became obvious that federal policies adversely affected Indian reservation system, which was imposed between the 1830s and the 1870s, transformed patterns of morbidity and ox, measles, cholera, malaria, venereal diseases, and alcoholism remained common but were reportedly mitigated by government physicians with vaccination, fumigation, and quarantine Business Ethics Archives Essay Prince Alfa Writer.”42 TUBERCULOSIS, EXTINCTION, AND THE CIVILIZING PROCESS Into the early 19th century, many European and American observers dismissed Catlin’s concerns and argued that American Indians had brought mortality on position became increasingly untenable during the 19th contact between White and American Indian societies increased, it became obvious that federal policies adversely affected Indian reservation system, which was imposed between the 1830s and the 1870s, transformed patterns of morbidity and ox, measles, cholera, malaria, venereal diseases, and alcoholism remained common but were reportedly mitigated by government physicians with vaccination, fumigation, and quarantine.

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43 These problems, however, were dwarfed by ption and scrofula had been present but rare among American Indians for centuries.44 They quickly became the leading cause of death, especially on the Dakota reservations, where they dominated annual mortality reports, often causing half of all believed that “it is practically the only disease that causes their large death rate /homework/how-to-purchase-custom-numerical-analysis-homework-52-pages-14300-words-business-double-spaced-online.44 They quickly became the leading cause of death, especially on the Dakota reservations, where they dominated annual mortality reports, often causing half of all believed that “it is practically the only disease that causes their large death rate Need to get a internet presentation Rewriting American 12 hours A4 (British/European).44 They quickly became the leading cause of death, especially on the Dakota reservations, where they dominated annual mortality reports, often causing half of all believed that “it is practically the only disease that causes their large death rate.

”46 Although the burden of disease had shifted from acute to chronic infections, the disparities surgeon general reported that the consumption hospitalization rate for Indian soldiers in 1892 was more than 10 times the rate for White soldiers.92993 bre poor housing in europe a4 indd 47 Sioux mortality from tuberculosis alone exceeded the mortality rates from all causes in most major cities Jump to Where to get a astronomy laboratory report high quality platinum ama   - 11.12.2017| 188| How to get writing assistance ecology lab report 48 hours double spaced Writing from scratch high quality Best website to write engineering lab report British US Letter Size 1 hour high quality ,  .

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48 Observers had little difficulty explaining the prevalence of tuberculosis among the blamed the reservation system and the terrible living conditions imposed on the confined , poorly ventilated log cabins and inadequate government rations set the tribes up for r, as had happened before, they also were quick to blame the Sioux for specific behaviors, from unhygienic cooking to religious dances, pipe smoking, and cigarettes that made bad conditions n stated these punitive sentiments most clearly: “The excessive mortality is but the sum total of all these influences combined—is the measure of their transgressions 31 Mar 2008 - European governments are tending to perceive cities as sites of renewed economic dynamism and physical renaissance, and as places that can help to resolve social and environmental paper presents three propositions for why the fortunes of cities in advanced economies may blamed the reservation system and the terrible living conditions imposed on the confined , poorly ventilated log cabins and inadequate government rations set the tribes up for r, as had happened before, they also were quick to blame the Sioux for specific behaviors, from unhygienic cooking to religious dances, pipe smoking, and cigarettes that made bad conditions n stated these punitive sentiments most clearly: “The excessive mortality is but the sum total of all these influences combined—is the measure of their transgressions Jump to Where to get a astronomy laboratory report high quality platinum ama   - 11.12.2017| 188| How to get writing assistance ecology lab report 48 hours double spaced Writing from scratch high quality Best website to write engineering lab report British US Letter Size 1 hour high quality ,  .48 Observers had little difficulty explaining the prevalence of tuberculosis among the blamed the reservation system and the terrible living conditions imposed on the confined , poorly ventilated log cabins and inadequate government rations set the tribes up for r, as had happened before, they also were quick to blame the Sioux for specific behaviors, from unhygienic cooking to religious dances, pipe smoking, and cigarettes that made bad conditions n stated these punitive sentiments most clearly: “The excessive mortality is but the sum total of all these influences combined—is the measure of their transgressions 31 Mar 2008 - European governments are tending to perceive cities as sites of renewed economic dynamism and physical renaissance, and as places that can help to resolve social and environmental paper presents three propositions for why the fortunes of cities in advanced economies may blamed the reservation system and the terrible living conditions imposed on the confined , poorly ventilated log cabins and inadequate government rations set the tribes up for r, as had happened before, they also were quick to blame the Sioux for specific behaviors, from unhygienic cooking to religious dances, pipe smoking, and cigarettes that made bad conditions n stated these punitive sentiments most clearly: “The excessive mortality is but the sum total of all these influences combined—is the measure of their transgressions.”50 A broad consensus accepted these problems as the proximate causes of Sioux crucial debates of the late 19th century instead confronted the ultimate causes of the disparities in health status, specifically the roles of racial differences and socioeconomic of racial hierarchy were firmly entrenched in the national ntial works, such as Josiah Nott and George Gliddon’s Types of Mankind, argued that although American Indians had once thrived in America, they could neither compete nor coexist with “Caucasians”: “It is as clear as the sun at noon-day, that in a few generations more the last of these Red men will be numbered with the dead razestudios.net/lab-report/best-website-to-purchase-a-physics-lab-report-american-single-spaced-24-hours-100-plagiarism-free.”50 A broad consensus accepted these problems as the proximate causes of Sioux crucial debates of the late 19th century instead confronted the ultimate causes of the disparities in health status, specifically the roles of racial differences and socioeconomic of racial hierarchy were firmly entrenched in the national ntial works, such as Josiah Nott and George Gliddon’s Types of Mankind, argued that although American Indians had once thrived in America, they could neither compete nor coexist with “Caucasians”: “It is as clear as the sun at noon-day, that in a few generations more the last of these Red men will be numbered with the dead.”51 Some doctors saw these theories as compelling explanations for the disparities in believed that Indians could only be saved by mixing with other groups: they will “die everywhere they go, of tuberculosis, until the race is so thoroughly crossed by ‘foreign blood’ that it will stamp out the tubercle bacillus, and when that is done the Indian race in its original purity will be no more 6 days ago - Best websites to get a research paper civil engineering high school a4 (british/european) business 14 days best website to purchase a physics lab report American single spaced 24 hours.”51 Some doctors saw these theories as compelling explanations for the disparities in believed that Indians could only be saved by mixing with other groups: they will “die everywhere they go, of tuberculosis, until the race is so thoroughly crossed by ‘foreign blood’ that it will stamp out the tubercle bacillus, and when that is done the Indian race in its original purity will be no more 6 days ago - Best websites to get a research paper civil engineering high school a4 (british/european) business 14 days.61 per page Available!Where to find a college writing services civil engineering research paper 100% plagiarism free senior academic platinum 25 pages / 6875 words.”51 Some doctors saw these theories as compelling explanations for the disparities in believed that Indians could only be saved by mixing with other groups: they will “die everywhere they go, of tuberculosis, until the race is so thoroughly crossed by ‘foreign blood’ that it will stamp out the tubercle bacillus, and when that is done the Indian race in its original purity will be no more.

”52 For those who believed that extinction was inevitable, the reservation system became little more than palliative care for a dying race 6 days ago - Best websites to get a research paper civil engineering high school a4 (british/european) business 14 days.61 per page Available!Where to find a college writing services civil engineering research paper 100% plagiarism free senior academic platinum 25 pages / 6875 words.”52 For those who believed that extinction was inevitable, the reservation system became little more than palliative care for a dying race.53 Other observers rejected these pessimistic visions and argued that the outbreak of tuberculosis was not the inevitable result of hereditary , it was the contingent product of the difficult transition from primitive life to civilization.Physicians who observed the Sioux before and after their confinement saw how quickly the native health of the Sioux Bushnell, for example, observed Sioux prisoners who were brought to live among Sioux already settled on a reservation in described “scrofulous youths from the Agency, their fleshless limbs fully clad, looking on wistfully at the dances of the warriors in the summer twilight … revealing in many instances a magnificent physique and a boundless vitality, which contrasted cruelly with the listless aspect of some of their spectators /presentation/ ians who observed the Sioux before and after their confinement saw how quickly the native health of the Sioux Bushnell, for example, observed Sioux prisoners who were brought to live among Sioux already settled on a reservation in described “scrofulous youths from the Agency, their fleshless limbs fully clad, looking on wistfully at the dances of the warriors in the summer twilight … revealing in many instances a magnificent physique and a boundless vitality, which contrasted cruelly with the listless aspect of some of their spectators.

”54 Although they knew that reservations had fueled tuberculosis, many physicians and officials maintained their faith in the fundamental value of ulosis existed not because the civilizing process was wrong but because it had been implemented s were “reduced to the condition of paupers, without food, shelter, clothing, or any of those necessaries of life which came from the buffalo; and without friends, except the harpies, who, under the guise of friendship, feed upon them.”55 The government had to intervene: “We have no right to assume that they are a race given over to God to destruction, and we have less right to doom them ourselves.”56 Health would be restored when the government enabled the Indians to enjoy the full benefits of White TENT DISPARITIES Faith that civilization would eventually bring health to the American Indians prevailed in the debate about the ultimate causes of government officials committed themselves to improving reservations through education, economic reform, and health r, their paternalistic policies, which were based on the assumed superiority of White culture and religion, rarely led to improvement and often made matters l campaigns, for example, suffered from inadequate compared the salaries paid to government physicians in the Army, Navy, and IHS and divided these sums by the populations then calculated a crude estimate of how the government valued people: $21.57 The enthusiasm of the Progressive era brought new interest and new funding to the problem of Indian the International Congress on Tuberculosis in 1908, Commissioner of Indian Affairs Francis E.Leupp identified tuberculosis as “the greatest single menace to the Indian race.

”58 President William Taft committed the government to new ss responded in 1912 with an emergency appropriation of $ Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) organized campaigns against tuberculosis, trachoma, infant mortality, house flies, alcoholism, and tooth to purchase a thesis proposal construction trades confidentiality platinum writing from scratch 16 pages / 4400 words single spaced 59 Annual appropriations grew steadily and reached $350000 by year, for the first time in more than 50 years, more Indians were born than ian George Kober celebrated the progress: “Thanks to the progress of medical science and the splendid humanitarian efforts of our Government, a noble race of people has been snatched from the very jaws of death The health status of American Indians/Alaska Natives lags behind that of the US an Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) nurses are on the front lines of health services for AIAN have the potential to make scientific contributions as well, but are under-represented among researchers working ian George Kober celebrated the progress: “Thanks to the progress of medical science and the splendid humanitarian efforts of our Government, a noble race of people has been snatched from the very jaws of death.”60 The 1921 Snyder Act strengthened the mandate for government action, and congressional appropriations continued to grow: $596000 in 1925, $2980000 in 1935, $5730000 in 1945, and $17800000 in ulosis mortality in 1925 was 87/100000 among the general population, 603/100000 among Indians overall, and 1510/100000 among Arizona Indians operations of the Navajo Project, a cooperative research program of the U.American Research; and the Museum of New project is concerned with the salvage of all archaeological materials endangered by the construction of the ulosis mortality in 1925 was 87/100000 among the general population, 603/100000 among Indians overall, and 1510/100000 among Arizona Indians.Best websites to get laboratory report engineering cheap chicago/turabian single spaced writing from scratch premium 62 During World War II, between 10% and 25% of Navajo soldiers and workers had to be returned to the reservation because of active tuberculosis operations of the Navajo Project, a cooperative research program of the U.American Research; and the Museum of New project is concerned with the salvage of all archaeological materials endangered by the construction of the Navajo.

62 During World War II, between 10% and 25% of Navajo soldiers and workers had to be returned to the reservation because of active tuberculosis Buy a laboratory report engineering 81 pages / 22275 words Platinum Junior American.62 During World War II, between 10% and 25% of Navajo soldiers and workers had to be returned to the reservation because of active tuberculosis.63 Postwar surveys confirmed the problem: in 1947, tuberculosis mortality among Arizona Indians (302 who can do a custom theological studies coursework Platinum A4 (British/European) 14 pages / 3850 words.63 Postwar surveys confirmed the problem: in 1947, tuberculosis mortality among Arizona Indians (302.4/100000) dwarfed both the rate among Indians in general (200/100000) and the national population (30/100000) 706-113*.

DISCUSSION OF TECHNIQUES IN CHAPTERS 15In terms of i a Sample 15-2.1, iet us suppose chat - in advance of looking at the data - the important question is: Does the average of the new type exceed that of the.4/100000) dwarfed both the rate among Indians in general (200/100000) and the national population (30/100000).64 The problem was not confined to nce among the Navajo exceeded that of the general population by a factor of 15 /coursework/should-i-purchase-an-agricultural-technology-coursework-24-hours-academic-undergrad-confidentiality.64 The problem was not confined to nce among the Navajo exceeded that of the general population by a factor of 15.

65 The Navajo also had the country’s highest infant mortality rate.66 Explanations for the persistent tuberculosis disparities followed the framework of the late 19th nmental theories were common; the new challenge was to explain how tuberculosis could thrive in the arid southwest, where the climate was recommended for many convalescing White ians who were still critical of American Indian cultures found much to blame in Navajo living conditions: “Benefits to health from an outdoor life are over-balanced by the ill effects of overcrowding, lack of sanitary provisions, and the poverty which leads to a poor, inadequate supply of food.”67 They moved easily from blaming the conditions of poverty to emphasizing behaviors that the Navajo adopted while living in those the healthy and the sick expectorated freely without disinfecting their Navajo ate meals irregularly and prepared food erance, apathy, indolence, and hopelessness all weakened the physician Sydney Tillim complained, they lacked “intelligence in all things medical.”68 The Navajo expressed both interest and skepticism in these Manuelito Begay, a prominent medicine man and a member of the Navajo Tribal Council, saw a microscope slide of the tubercle bacillus, he was impressed but not convinced of its relevance: “They tell me that it is inflicted by a person coughing in your face—that is the way you get tuberculosis in your system.

A person should not be that weak to be susceptible to a man’s cough.

”69 Other Navajo also scoffed at medical explanations of woman argued that if infected sputum sowed tuberculosis within Navajo homes, then chickens, which constantly pecked at the infected dirt floors, should have been devastated by the disease.70 White doctors shared Begay’s puzzlement about the specific causes of Navajo -defined genetic explanations remained 1923, the New Mexico State Department of Health went so far as to assert an ongoing process of natural selection: “Resistant race has not been bred as undergoing process of weeding out the nonresistant strains.”71 Genetic explanations were used just as easily to explain the surprisingly low incidence of noninfectious diseases among the Navajo, including hypertension, cancer, heart disease, and baldness.72 Most doctors, however, rejected genetic National Tuberculosis Association argued in 1923 that “tuberculosis attacks without any racial preference.”73 Studies found that “the character of tuberculous lesions, as determined roentgenologically, is not significantly different from that observed among the white population.

”74 Although the reservations clearly suffered severely from tuberculosis, “identical” epidemics existed among populations “living under like conditions among people of the White and Yellow me with a urban studies research paper online academic writing from scratch single spaced mla ”75 These writers believed that socioeconomic conditions, when severe enough, could destroy the health of any NG POVERTY WITH MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY The different explanations had clear implications for American Indian health s New Mexico officials seemed content to allow natural selection to solve the tuberculosis problem, most government officials accepted the causal role of economic nondevelopment and believed that health could only come from improvements in socioeconomic became especially clear when a postwar economic recession struck the Navajo and Hopi ssional investigators were shocked by what they found: “So long as the Navajos remain on the barren wasteland on which they live, without communities, roads, water, sanitation, or the opportunity to earn a living wage, they must continue to live in squalor and disease.”76 Congress responded in 1950 with a $90 000 000 program for the long-range rehabilitation of the Navajo and Hopi 1 .The cost of poor housing in the European Nicol, Mike Roys, David Ormandy1 and Veronique Ezratty2.50Inadequate Housing in Europe: Cost and Consequences, which is published by Eurofound in parallel with this research report.

”76 Congress responded in 1950 with a $90 000 000 program for the long-range rehabilitation of the Navajo and Hopi.77 This intensive program for the Navajo and Hopi reservations paralleled postwar political interest in international economic each case, policymakers believed that the disparities in health status between developed and developing populations arose from disparities in socioeconomic ed health could be achieved most fundamentally by economic gh economic development remained the ultimate goal, health officials realized that it could not be achieved easily or quickly wanted to find ways to improve the health of underdeveloped populations living in rural clear problem, which was highlighted in a 1950 American Medical Association report, was the inadequacy of existing health services on the reservations.78 Annie Wauneka, who led the health committee of the Navajo Tribal Council, agreed during her testimony to Congress: “We think there is no real health there is, we haven’t heard about it or seen it investment, please let us short document has a very simple draws together key research from the UK and abroad to show that investment in good design generates economic and social value.Collectively the studies provide evidence of the value of design in.78 Annie Wauneka, who led the health committee of the Navajo Tribal Council, agreed during her testimony to Congress: “We think there is no real health there is, we haven’t heard about it or seen it.

”79 Emboldened by postwar optimism and by faith in new technologies, such as penicillin, isoniazid, and DDT, health officials believed that they would be able to improve health conditions, even in the absence of economic McDermott’s “Health Care Experiment at Many Farms” put this question to the test.Get laboratory report engineering graduate writing from scratch a4 (british/european) 71 pages / 19525 words 80 After choosing a remote area of the Navajo Reservation, McDermott’s team of doctors, anthropologists, and social scientists worked closely with Wauneka and other Navajo leaders to reduce morbidity and mortality in the absence of socioeconomic found that their treatment programs controlled tuberculosis but had little impact on the other leading causes of morbidity and mortality, especially childhood diarrhea and failures surprised the researchers: “When one considers our pre-experiment expectations, soundly grounded in the conventional wisdom, these results were clearly disappointing.”81 Entrenched disparities in health status did not yield easily to medical ott’s work was part of a broader effort to reform health care on the ated by the continuing failures of the BIA to relieve health disparities, Congress moved the medical services from the BIA to the Public Health Service, thus creating the Indian Health Service in 1955.82 The IHS conducted an initial health survey and found wide disparities in health status and health services between Indians and the general American Indians, total mortality was 20% higher, infant mortality was 3 times higher, life expectancy was 10 years lower, and infectious diseases and accidents were more prevalent; however, heart disease and cancer were less common For this assignment you will work as a team on a case study analysis using the 8 step AMA case study process.The assignment will be in the form of a report and should be typed or word-processed, Times New Roman, font size 12, 1.

5 spacing; it should comprise no more than 2,000 words, not including diagrams, tables,.82 The IHS conducted an initial health survey and found wide disparities in health status and health services between Indians and the general American Indians, total mortality was 20% higher, infant mortality was 3 times higher, life expectancy was 10 years lower, and infectious diseases and accidents were more prevalent; however, heart disease and cancer were less common.83 Health conditions remained bad into the 1970s: life expectancy was two thirds the national average, and the incidence of infant mortality (1.5 times), diabetes (2 times), suicide (3 times), accidents (4 times), tuberculosis (14 times), gastrointestinal infections (27 times), dysentery (40 times), and rheumatic fever (60 times) also were above the national a result, the Navajo Tribal Council articulated a new vision of Indian health self-determination and attempted to build its own medical school: “The day will arrive when a more effective health-care delivery system utilizing Indian professionals will replace the current day will arrive when the American Indian will determine what his own health standards and services should be.”84 For Wauneka, the “paramount objective” was clear: “The care by Indians of our peoples’ health 4 days ago - You do not need to have a PhD to write a research proposal! REMEMBER It should be made clear that the following is only a general guide and it does not guarantee acceptance onto a PhD programme at the.

This guide is aimed at helping you to write an excellent postgraduate.”84 For Wauneka, the “paramount objective” was clear: “The care by Indians of our peoples’ ng borders erasing boundaries interethnic nbsp ”85 The Navajo did not succeed in obtaining funding to establish an independent medical r, the IHS steadily increased the participation and the leadership of Indian health professionals within the continued to combat health disparities, and by 1989, it claimed great success, arguing that its efforts since 1955 had reduced tuberculosis by 96%, infant mortality by 92%, pulmonary infections by 92%, and gastrointestinal infections by 93% RESUMES and COVER LETTERS Harvard Office of Career continued to combat health disparities, and by 1989, it claimed great success, arguing that its efforts since 1955 had reduced tuberculosis by 96%, infant mortality by 92%, pulmonary infections by 92%, and gastrointestinal infections by 93%.Although parity with the general population had not been achieved, the gap had been narrowed.86 However, as they have done for centuries, the disparities data from the late 1990s showed higher mortality rates among American Indians and Alaskan Natives compared with the general population for most leading causes of mortality: heart disease (1 Tracing Diff rance UiO data from the late 1990s showed higher mortality rates among American Indians and Alaskan Natives compared with the general population for most leading causes of mortality: heart disease (1.

Only with cancer, the second leading cause of death, was American Indian mortality not greater than that of the general rmore, these disparities all widened between 1995 and 1998.87 Congress and the IHS continue to work to improve conditions on the 1975 Indian Self-Determination and Indian Assistance Act (Public Law 93-638) and the 1976 Indian Health Care Improvement Act renewed the government’s commitment to Indian health and gave the tribes more control over their health care services.88 Working with an annual budget of nearly $3000000000, the IHS now provides services to 1.89 However, as has been true since the 19th century, per capita expenditures remain far below those in the general population: $1351 for Indians compared with $3766 for the general population overall.90 Casinos have brought wealth to a small number of tribes, but Indian gaming could prove to be catastrophic for Indian health if public perception of American Indians as gambling moguls dissolves the obligation felt by Congress to provide care for them.

91 CONCLUSIONS Disparities in health status between American Indians and Europeans and Americans have been recognized for 5 observers have felt that the existence of disparities is fundamentally moral outrage has motivated centuries of attempts to relieve have disparities been able to persist? How have they been allowed to persist? Several things are , there are striking patterns in attempts to account for the distribution of health and ations have spanned a remarkable range of possible etiologies, including religion, diet, living conditions, climate, cultural practices, racial differences, and socioeconomic single explanation has defined the phenomena of disease so clearly that other explanations have been of the explanations have persisted throughout the centuries, although their specific details and meanings have tions of providence, for example, gave way to genetic determinism as the most common argument for inevitable is has also shifted, with religious explanations dominating initially but then giving way to behavioral, genetic, and socioeconomic a trajectory, however, is only a coarse more striking has been the persistence of the diversity of explanations over , the enduring existence of an abundance of possible explanations has allowed observers to emphasize the most meaningful or useful understandings of g land, colonists saw Massachusett depopulation as a gift of g absolution for the destruction of Indian societies, federal officials saw Sioux tuberculosis as proof of Indians’ inevitable choices could have been constrained by the plausibility of different d, persistent inadequacies in health data for American Indians have often prevented the establishment of clear consensus about the etiology of diseases and has allowed observers to exercise considerable discretion in their assessments and has opened a large window for ideology to influence health data, theories, and , choices about explanations have reflected observers’ attitudes about a fundamental question: where should responsibility for disparities be assigned? Although some observers blamed personal choices, others argued that Indian diseases were the product of the disrupted social conditions of colonization.

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, victims of genetic susceptibility) or the healthy (e., misguided architects of the reservation system), or it can be transferred to an outside authority (e.These assignments have crucial implications for health disparities have been seen as proof of a natural order that can be exploited for observers’ benefit, and they have been seen as markers of social injustice that observers must shifting balance between these ideological poles contributed to the enormous heterogeneity of past federal Indian health rmore, because disparities in health status parallel disparities in wealth and power, responses necessarily involve decisions to deploy or withhold economic and political makers have had to balance Indian health with other priorities and obligations of the federal government, including land acquisition, military needs, resource development, or questions about Indian tensions about responsibility and appropriate response appear in current debates about the genetics of health chers have proposed that American Indians have genetic susceptibilities to many diseases, from alcoholism to virgin-soil epidemics or Pima diabetes Best websites to buy a college presentation internet no plagiarism Writing from scratch British College Junior 4 days.These assignments have crucial implications for health disparities have been seen as proof of a natural order that can be exploited for observers’ benefit, and they have been seen as markers of social injustice that observers must shifting balance between these ideological poles contributed to the enormous heterogeneity of past federal Indian health rmore, because disparities in health status parallel disparities in wealth and power, responses necessarily involve decisions to deploy or withhold economic and political makers have had to balance Indian health with other priorities and obligations of the federal government, including land acquisition, military needs, resource development, or questions about Indian tensions about responsibility and appropriate response appear in current debates about the genetics of health chers have proposed that American Indians have genetic susceptibilities to many diseases, from alcoholism to virgin-soil epidemics or Pima diabetes.

92 Despite this active research, genetic causes were notably absent from a recent IHS report: “Lower life expectancy and the disproportionate disease burden exist perhaps because of inadequate education, disproportionate poverty, discrimination in the delivery of health services, and cultural differences.

”93 What generates the controversy surrounding genetic theories of health disparities? By focusing on biological origins, genetic theories naturalize disparities and reduce the shame and stigma associated with behavioral or cultural introducing an aura of inevitability, genetic arguments reduce the obligation to intervene and prevent or reduce practical concerns also t interest in molecular genetics makes research into the genetics of disparities a safe bet for researchers in need of grants and contrast, genetic explanations can be a dead end for policymakers, especially when compared with the many interventions suggested by explanations that emphasize socioeconomic conditions or access to health care.94 Debates about the genetic origins of health disparities raise 1 last red by the Human Genome Project, researchers hope to find genes for every disease and r, as more and more genetic links are proposed for American Indian ill health, the overall argument becomes harder to ities among American Indians have existed whether the prevailing diseases were acute infections (e., smallpox and measles), chronic infections (e., tuberculosis), or the endemic ailments of modern society (e razestudios.net/thesis-proposal/need-to-get-an-contemporary-political-culture-thesis-proposal-proofreading-25-pages-6875-words-british-confidentially., tuberculosis), or the endemic ailments of modern society (e., heart disease, diabetes, alcoholism, and depression).

Recent trends suggest that disparities in cancer might also it conceivable that American Indians have genetic vulnerabilities to every class of human disease? The existence of disparities regardless of the underlying disease environment is actually a powerful argument against the belief that disparities reflect inherent susceptibilities of American Indian d, the disparities in health status could arise from the disparities in wealth and power that have endured since colonization.95 Such awareness must guide ongoing research and interventions if the disparities in health status between American Indians and the general population are ever to be eradicated.​ A House-call on the Navajo part of its effort to improve health services for American Indians in the 1950s, the Public Health Service funded a series of innovative health care one project, based at Many Farms, Arizona, physicians, .Research Careers for American Indian/Alaska Native Nurses: Pathway to Elimination of Health Disparities Susan J.

Where to get an thesis proposal construction trades plagiarism-free american ama 103 pages / 28325 words a4 (british/european) Henly and Roxanne Struthers are with the School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, and Bette Ide are with the University of North Dakota College of Nursing, Grand y Patchell is with the Indian Nursing Student Success Program at the University of Oklahoma College of Nursing, Oklahoma City Professional dissertation proposal writing sites Allstar y Patchell is with the Indian Nursing Student Success Program at the University of Oklahoma College of Nursing, Oklahoma a Holtz-claw is with the Bridge Project, University of Minnesota, ts for reprints should be sent to Susan J.

Henly, School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, 5-160 WDH, 308 Harvard , Minneapolis, MN, 55455 (e-mail: @300ylneh).Workshops european network for housing research enhr 2017 This article has been cited by other articles in ct The health status of American Indians/Alaska Natives lags behind that of the US an Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) nurses are on the front lines of health services for AIAN have the potential to make scientific contributions as well, but are under-represented among researchers working to understand health AIAN MS-to-PhD Nursing Science Bridge, at the University of Minnesota, in partnership with the Universities of North Dakota and Oklahoma, provides support for AIAN nurses during the critical training transition from masters of science to doctoral r schools collaborate with AIAN elders, medicine people/spiritual leaders, and academic consultants to (1) foster academic success and strengthen the AIAN identity of students during their research training and (2) bring about institutional change to optimize student research programs developed by this cadre of AIAN nurse scientists will contribute scientifically sound, culturally acceptable knowledge to effectively improve the health of AIAN SHARP CONTRAST TO THE US population as a whole, the American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) population is characterized by shortened life spans more typical of preindustrial developing countries Write me a urban studies research paper College Freshman US Letter Size MLA double research programs developed by this cadre of AIAN nurse scientists will contribute scientifically sound, culturally acceptable knowledge to effectively improve the health of AIAN SHARP CONTRAST TO THE US population as a whole, the American Indian/Alaska Native (AIAN) population is characterized by shortened life spans more typical of preindustrial developing countries.1 ,2 Disabilities are widespread,3 and rates of chronic disease are rising rapidly.Best website to order an engineering laboratory report 100% original us letter size premium 12 hours rewriting 1 Prevention and treatment concerns, intertwined with elevated unemployment rates and low income, are complex.1 Disparities in access to education and educational achievement4 contribute to and complicate the resolution of health disparities 14 Dec 2015 - More information can be found on pages 16 and 17, and at the UK Home Office website: /ukvisubmitted all your documents, you are good to go! If you need a visa to study, we will start to issue CAS planning for your arrival!academic achievement and research potential Perspectives in American History.

Charles Warren Center for Studies in A1nerican History.HARVARD UNIVERSITYwords or lines, and the opening and closing words of each passage he wishes to use.He should alsoOn page A)l, has the Einstein letter been published? If.

Start planning for your arrival!academic achievement and research potential.1 Disparities in access to education and educational achievement4 contribute to and complicate the resolution of health United States has committed to the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities among minority and ethnic populations, including American Indians/Alaska Natives in 6 areas: infant mortality, cancer screening and management, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV infection/AIDS, and immunization /presentation/ United States has committed to the Healthy People 2010 goal of eliminating health disparities among minority and ethnic populations, including American Indians/Alaska Natives in 6 areas: infant mortality, cancer screening and management, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV infection/AIDS, and immunization.5 Elimination of AIAN health disparities and just fulfillment of federal trust responsibilities for AIAN health requires monetary, workforce, and facilities resources,6 ,7 as well as advocacy to ensure effective utilization of these resources how to write custom alcoholism presentation Editing A4 (British/European) American.5 Elimination of AIAN health disparities and just fulfillment of federal trust responsibilities for AIAN health requires monetary, workforce, and facilities resources,6 ,7 as well as advocacy to ensure effective utilization of these resources.8 Generation of new knowledge through scientific methods about individual, family, and tribal community responses to health problems and the culturally acceptable initiatives designed to eliminate those problems is a critical complement to these resources.

9 Nurse researchers are well positioned to discover and develop this needed new knowledge to be used across the range of health services and in the public health form the largest group of health professionals in nearly all settings, including public health, and are recognized as the “backbone of the IHS Indian Health Service health care team” that provides services to approximately 1 /term-paper/order-college-it-management-term-paper-american-asa-48-hours.9 Nurse researchers are well positioned to discover and develop this needed new knowledge to be used across the range of health services and in the public health form the largest group of health professionals in nearly all settings, including public health, and are recognized as the “backbone of the IHS Indian Health Service health care team” that provides services to approximately 1.12 The scientific and scholarly foundations of nursing practice encompass physiological, biobehavioral, psychosocial, and spiritual perspectives on human responses to health–illness experiences.13 –14 The broad, holistic perspective of nursing meshes with traditional AIAN health beliefs,15 as well as beliefs of AIAN nurse and tribal leaders, that actions necessary to eliminate health disparities will have to reach beyond the health care delivery system.9 Since 2001, the AIAN MS-to-PhD Nursing Science Bridge, funded by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), has been educating AIAN nurses whose scientific training is focused on development and dissemination of knowledge and utilization of research findings to eliminate health program prepares a scientific workforce poised to perform culturally congruent research in AIAN the project began, approximately 12 AIAN nurses held doctoral-level goal of the Bridge project is to correct this grave underrepresentation of AIAN nurses in h its work, the overall number of nurse scientists is projected to double by describe here federal scientific workforce policy as it pertains to the AIAN Nursing Science outline the structure, processes, and outcomes of the project and explain how the Bridge is a pathway to the elimination of health disparities among AIAN S TO THE FUTURE The project is part of the Bridges to the Future Program,17 1 piece of a larger mosaic of programs at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) designed to increase the number of minority scientists and to improve the health of minority criterion for success for the Bridges program, set forth in its mission statement, is the creation of a cadre of students from underrepresented minority groups who, instead of receiving terminal masters degrees, see new opportunities for careers as scientists, with their ambitions supported by the highest possible quality of research and training.

18 All bridges to the doctorate in the NIH Bridges to the Future program involve partnerships between at least 2 institutions, one of which offers the MS as the highest degree and another that awards doctoral degrees in 1 or more areas of science related to the NIH t activities vary, but all are designed to support successful MS-to-PhD tly, NIGMS funds approximately 25 projects involving approximately 120 students from underrepresented minority groups at approximately 75 inception of the Bridges to the Future Program in 1993, more than 250 MS students have been funded, 72 have begun doctoral study, and 12 have earned PhDs in a biomedical or health science.18 The AIAN Nursing Science Bridge is unique among bridges to the doctorate because it focuses on research training for AIAN nurse project, based at the University of Minnesota School of Nursing, was initiated in partnership with the University of North Dakota College of Nursing (2001–2004) and is continuing with the University of Oklahoma College of Nursing (2003–2007).All 3 schools are located in states where many American Indians University of Minnesota was positioned to begin this work by virtue of a longstanding, high-quality PhD program in nursing science, 3 American Indian faculty members, and a research portfolio that emphasizes AIAN MS partner schools are home to funded programs to support BSN and MS students in nursing.19 The Recruitment and Retention of Native Americans into Nursing (RAIN) programs, based at the University of North Dakota, is one of the Quentin Burdeck Indian Health Programs funded by the Indian Health Care Improvement Act of sity of Oklahoma is home to the Indian Nursing Student Success Program (INSSP), funded as an IHS Section 112 ned success of AIAN students enrolled in BS and MS programs at partner schools reflects the institutional commitment to AIAN nursing education embodied in these ic aims of the AIAN Nursing Science Bridge Project are to (1) provide research assistantships to MS students, (2) build research capacity at MS partner schools, (3) ensure culturally informed advisement at the doctoral level, (4) collaborate with AIAN communities in all phases of project implementation, and (5) foster academic success and enhance the AIAN identity of students who, upon earning the PhD in nursing science, are ready to launch research careers focused on elimination of AIAN health bridge project structure designed to support achievement of these aims is pictured in Figure 1 ▶.The “bridge” has 2 cultural abutments: academic and is suspended by 6 activities that support students, partner schools, and AIAN communities: faculty development, linked recruitment, dual advisement and mentorship, research participation, research dissemination and utilization with guidance of elders and medicine people or spiritual leaders, and a bicultural project project supports the MS-to-PhD transition, as students “cross the bridge” from a science-based undergraduate professional degree to a doctorate and a research Y TO SCIENCE BSN graduates at MS partner schools comprise the initial pool of students for the MS-to-PhD r, any AIAN nurse with a BSN degree enrolled in the partner school MS program is eligible to apply for a Bridge-supported research st in a research career and ability to articulate the framework of a future program of research are essential selection date, all participating students have outlined scientific trajectories aimed at eliminating AIAN health tly, the 8 AIAN nurses participating in the Bridge represent 7 of the 8 students are enrolled tribal members, 2 have AIAN heritage by descent, and all are students began their post–high school education at community or tribal a group, they are older than average gh research methods and research utilization are standard elements of the BSN curriculum in nursing, none had seriously considered a research career until a RAIN, INSSP, or Bridge staff or faculty had suggested ts are motivated to improve themselves and advance their education to serve American Indians/Alaska endations included with applications to the program describe students as bright, self-directed, and websites to get a thesis proposal construction trades bluebook premium editing a4 (british/european) Applicants are characterized as determined, dependable, and diligent, with a commitment to goals they set for a group, they are characterized as possessing positive outlooks, bearing compassion, and having a passion for their of these attributes are needed for graduate school success and for a research career developed in collaboration with AIAN communities and health systems Best website to buy a college thesis proposal construction trades 6 hours double spaced Premium of these attributes are needed for graduate school success and for a research career developed in collaboration with AIAN communities and health ing Academic Success Bridge students are assigned advisors from both the MS and PhD system of joint advisement facilitates continuity over the course of both degree faculty advisors and Bridge staff guide students through the application process for the doctoral program, including encouragement for completion of the Graduate Record Examinations requirement ISR Process GE Healthcare Research Services Sample Customer Service Resume Ghostbusters Authors of a new study propose a strict ban on medical ghostwriting Best custom essay.

research proposal mla format term paper proposal faculty advisors and Bridge staff guide students through the application process for the doctoral program, including encouragement for completion of the Graduate Record Examinations addition to the coursework and projects required for the MS degree, Bridge scholars complete a mentored research assistantship with faculty or community-based investigators engaged in AIAN health disparities Bridge program funds the assistantships /homework/ Bridge program funds the e students earn a salary for work completed, there is no service payback associated with t funding of the assistantships provides an incentive for faculty participation because it complements their research budgets or provides an assistant when funding is limited or unavailable (for pilot projects, for example).Most Bridge scholar–mentored research and projects are in priority areas related to the elimination of AIAN health ts focus on the scourges of diabetes and its complications, especially renal complications and lower extremity ts address health experiences across the lifespan range from prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome to exercise in school-aged children to health experiences and health service needs of projects focus on caring for caregivers of people with dementia and attitudes of nursing students toward persons with students are making timely progress toward degree students have transitioned to doctoral study and secured students were awarded Graduate School Diversity of Views and Experiences Fellowships in a university-wide competition at the University of Minnesota, and 1 student was awarded a prestigious Hartford Geriatric Nurse Fellowship.20 Enhancing Cultural Identity Cultural conflict continues to be part of the higher education experience of many AIAN process of completing a doctoral degree conflicts with many AIAN values, such as present-time focus, patience, respect, family, harmony with nature, and circular thinking.21 A huge deterrent for AIAN people enrolling in a university is the loss of AIAN e an emphasis on diversity and a goal of cultural competence for graduates, the content and process of nursing education programs tend to be built on and emphasize mainstream values.22 ,23 In this climate, retention and progression are example, AIAN students enrolled in one MS program reported conflicts between AIAN and academic values and feeling isolated from other students.

24 ,25 Students reported that differences in worldviews, rigid academic environments, barriers to effective faculty–student relationships, and the need to develop personal strategies for goal attainment were all part of their graduate school graduation, American Indian MS students participating in this study reported feeling changed as individuals and often questioned the degree to which the content they had learned would apply to their cultural y also reported significant challenges working with AIAN students.26 A desire for uniformity in the availability to all students and the maintenance of academic and professional standards tended to override efforts to provide individualized, culturally relevant instruction and advisement to AIAN these reasons, Bridge project components were developed to support development of culturally competent worldviews and experiences were incorporated into a program of faculty development guided by tribal elders, medicine people, and spiritual leaders and were implemented in both academic and AIAN AL GUIDANCE Indigenous knowledge is fostered and maintained by tribal elders.27 To guide project efforts, tribal elders participate in a consultative assist faculty, staff, and students with the following: (1) distinguishing, maintaining, and fostering cultural traditions, values, and knowledge; (2) encouraging students to proceed with an advanced education and identifying barriers and solutions to overcome obstacles; (3) assisting with the integrity and dignity of the program from an AIAN perspective by teaching and guiding faculty and staff; (4) facilitating ceremonies and rituals as appropriate; and (5) reviewing and recommending plans for recruitment and program evaluation and ing an advanced research degree is a critical component of scientist r, another goal is holistic health for Bridge scholars whose sense of AIAN identity is enhanced, not sabotaged, by their educational and professional ne people and spiritual leaders help their clients preserve and nourish a balanced, healthy life-way.28 ,29 We thought that a healthy foundation would enhance the well-being and holistic energy and synergy of the group as well, as they encountered the everyday trials, challenges, and rewards of working on this provide this base, medicine people and spiritual leaders serve as project tions with elders and medicine people or spiritual leaders were made in a variety of project director invited participants of an urban AIAN elder service providers group to take individuals subsequently created the programming for a Grandfathers and Grandmothers Supporting Indian Nurse Scholars grandmother continued her participation with a part-time appointment that combines clerical and receptionist, student support, and community liaison duties include welcoming and supporting students when they cross over to the doctoral ne people and spiritual leaders were already working with the University of Oklahoma, were friends of faculty, or were informally nominated by their tribal family of 1 AIAN academic consultant stepped forward to academicians provide intertribal and national scientists and student services professionals experienced in supporting AIAN students in high-stakes, competitive academic environments are represented in the consultant a group, the AIAN consultants were part of an earlier wave of students who successfully negotiated the higher education system in relative isolation and then thrived in their careers, even as they maintained their AIAN heritage and serve as role models to Bridge scholars simply by their presence and in the telling of their personal actively advise students to partake of the academic and AIAN worlds to foster academic success and to enhance AIAN AIAN Nursing Science Bridge holds an annual retreat to bring students, faculty, staff, medicine people and spiritual leaders, elders, and AIAN consultants retreats have been held at the conference center, tribal offices, and tribal college of the White Earth Band of Chippewa Indians in Mahnomen, retreats are planned in AIAN participants, the retreat is a chance to return to the comforts and ways of non-AIAN faculty and staff, the retreat is a cultural immersion experience that introduces and expands knowledge and understanding of their AIAN students’ life experiences and aspirations as nurse project director develops the formal retreat agenda in consultation with others on the ne people and spiritual leaders use traditional ceremonies and prayers to conduct the remind everyone to use their AIAN begin Talking Circles to facilitate acquaintance among Bridge participants and to center each participant’s scholars, faculty, and staff become learners as elders teach about traditional ways, describing health, child rearing, and educational experiences; food (rabbit snares, pemmican); ceremonial materials ( knicinik); and handcrafts (especially sewing).Need to purchase a custom urban studies research paper undergraduate british 106 pages / 29150 words a4 (british/european) Discussion of educational and research topics proceeds in the AIAN-centered, AIAN-surrounded retreat atmosphere, the essence of which will then be carried back to the academic t evaluation data, collected annually or at the conclusion of the retreat, provide some insights into the impact of cultural guidance rate inclusion of enhanced cultural understanding as a goal for everyone involved in the project was identified as a strong feature of the persistence of american indian health disparities ncbi nih Participants rated activities with medicine people and spiritual leaders (smudging, prayer, individual consultation), AIAN academic consultants (presentation and advisement), and tribal elders (stories, crafts, presence, and guidance) at the retreat and in other settings as “helpful” or “very helpful.

” Faculty and administrators felt that involvement of the community showed a serious commitment to the success of the reported that, with each retreat, they felt a greater depth of understanding and more connection with the AIAN community GRADUATE COLLEGE Offer Pack PDF LSE.Help me do a engineering laboratory report quality british double spaced oxford 133 pages / 36575 words ” Faculty and administrators felt that involvement of the community showed a serious commitment to the success of the reported that, with each retreat, they felt a greater depth of understanding and more connection with the AIAN community GRADUATE members of the Dissertation Committee, we certify that we have read the dissertationsubmission of the final copies of the dissertation to the Graduate College.I hereby certify that I have readJadwiga Pieper Mooney in guiding my work in Latin American history and for serving on my doctoral 3 days ago - Need to get a college urban studies thesis proposal 3 hours 56 pages / 15400 words Writing from scratchWhere to buy a college transportation law thesis proposal Chicago A4 (British/European) BusinessNeed to get an agriculture thesis proposal single spaced 138 pages / 37950 words Standard It was conveyed to us by the CEO of Hadassah that this is a budgetary problemPage.List of students contributing to this report.Hoshenthe number of smokers and their smoking habits, size of the smoking area and.I hereby certify that I have readJadwiga Pieper Mooney in guiding my work in Latin American history and for serving on my doctoral 3 days ago - Need to get a college urban studies thesis proposal 3 hours 56 pages / 15400 words Writing from scratchWhere to buy a college transportation law thesis proposal Chicago A4 (British/European) BusinessNeed to get an agriculture thesis proposal single spaced 138 pages / 37950 words Standard.I hereby certify that I have readJadwiga Pieper Mooney in guiding my work in Latin American history and for serving on my reported that, with each retreat, they felt a greater depth of understanding and more connection with the AIAN neous interactions and a relaxed atmosphere contributed to memorable and useful expressed appreciation and gratitude for being included in the project Lake Tribal College Walter Kawamoto, ment, College of Social Sciences and s, CaliforniaAmerican Indian and Alaska Native (AI-AN) children, however, have not always been the direct beneficiaries of knowledge gained through research expressed appreciation and gratitude for being included in the daughter of one elder (who had never had the opportunity to attend school) said that participation was her mother’s opportunity to shine as she encouraged Bridge scholars in their educational efforts.The retreat was originally planned as a faculty development ts suggested that they also take were eager for the cultural connectedness that the activity provided, as well as the opportunity to meet faculty and staff from all project ts identified personal guidance and encouragement from the AIAN community, collaboration in development of their research projects, and advisement about the doctoral program application as especially NG–LEARNING SETTINGS The formal research training for Bridge scholars takes place in the classrooms, clinical facilities, and laboratories of participating project works at both MS and PhD partner schools to ensure rigorous research training for Bridge scholars in an optimal learning ch During the MS Program At MS partner schools, the goal is to enhance research s with the MS as the highest degree tend to be less research institutional goal of enhancing research capacity is designed to ensure that Bridge scholars obtain early research experience that positions them for competitive doctoral program research strength of the PhD school is used as the springboard to enhance research capacity at the MS ch partnerships among faculty at MS and PhD schools are the key to development of enhanced capacity 1 Nov 1993 - How To Cite This Publication: Use the volume number and the page number.WHAT IT IS AND HOWReport of Acreage, paragraph (e), the word “sumit” is corrected to read “submit”.Report of Acreage, paragraph (f), the word “exists” retreat was originally planned as a faculty development ts suggested that they also take were eager for the cultural connectedness that the activity provided, as well as the opportunity to meet faculty and staff from all project ts identified personal guidance and encouragement from the AIAN community, collaboration in development of their research projects, and advisement about the doctoral program application as especially NG–LEARNING SETTINGS The formal research training for Bridge scholars takes place in the classrooms, clinical facilities, and laboratories of participating project works at both MS and PhD partner schools to ensure rigorous research training for Bridge scholars in an optimal learning ch During the MS Program At MS partner schools, the goal is to enhance research s with the MS as the highest degree tend to be less research institutional goal of enhancing research capacity is designed to ensure that Bridge scholars obtain early research experience that positions them for competitive doctoral program research strength of the PhD school is used as the springboard to enhance research capacity at the MS ch partnerships among faculty at MS and PhD schools are the key to development of enhanced capacity.A senior nurse scientist serves as liaison between researchers at partnership nurse facilitates research partnerships by assisting MS partner faculty to articulate programs of research, connect with established researchers at the doctor institution, and use research infrastructure at the doctoral university that is available to him or y research interests and accomplishments at partner schools are linked by work on common projects as opportunities for collaboration arise or are e of the research priorities at both schools and their proximity to AIAN communities, many partnerships focus on health disparities the research partnerships mature, they will serve as ideal sites for mentored student addition, student research experiences include a structured program focused on acquisition and refinement of skills for clinical include use of literature search tools and bibliographic management systems, facility with data management and statistical analysis programs, and policy and procedure for working with human participants in ch activities are discussed at the retreat with medicine people and spiritual leaders, elders, and AIAN ic areas of investigation are approached from the points of view of the scientific community and the received knowledge held by AIAN this way, the rigor of science is combined with traditional understanding to produce integrated perspectives on the health problems under al Advisement The number of nurses with earned doctoral degrees is so small that few schools have any experience guiding AIAN students through the PhD is true even for faculty whose research programs are focused on health faculty have personal experience with doctoral education, but very few have advised other AIAN students to doctoral degree these reasons, the goal at the PhD school is to prepare faculty for informed and effective doctoral advisement of Bridge sful guidance and advisement of AIAN students at the MS schools is the strength of this , INSSP, and AIAN consultants make formal presentations at the retreat to share the wisdom that they have gained through experience working with y from the PhD school become personally acquainted with RAIN and INSSP staff to facilitate direct links to informed consultation about issues related to Bridge scholar y and administrators in key positions at the PhD school (e., Director of Graduate Studies, member of the Doctoral Admissions Committee) take part in project Bridge then becomes a means to engage the doctoral faculty as a whole in the education of future AIAN nurse circle of involvement is extended by the presence and activities of elders at the PhD individual and small group settings, they have provided a personal perspective on the historic experience of AIAN people in educational and health review and comment on Indian education and health news relevant to Indian nurse scientist training that is printed in tribal and national Native newspapers and other these efforts, Bridge scholars proceed in their scientific training in an academic milieu informed by and supportive of their career s for Research Programs Students articulate an idea for their research programs as part of the Bridge application, and then initiate those ideas as part of their graduate school ms of study for the MS and PhD degrees, the Bridge research assistantship, and participation in professional and scientific societies provide foundational knowledge and skills.A common element of the envisioned research programs is a desire to generate new knowledge that can be used to eliminate health disparities among AIAN ic areas of research are diabetes and elder es research programs range from an interest in primary prevention at individual and community levels (e., obesity prevention) to treatment of complications (e.

Geriatric research interests derive from recognition and respect for the lifelong contributions of elders to tribal and community health as well as a critical lack of the information needed to assist AIAN elders in maintaining optimal health.A CADRE OF AIAN NURSE SCIENTISTS AIAN people are underrepresented in the ranks of health lack of presence is especially acute among nurse scientists, whose work has the potential to impact disparities at the individual, family, community, and population AIAN Nursing Science Bridge is a concerted, deliberate effort to significantly and efficiently increase the number of AIAN nurse activities optimize the training experience by strengthening the academic setting at MS and PhD levels and integrating the academic and AIAN 4 years, 8 of the 12 students needed to double the size of the cadre of nurse scientists are making steady progress toward that goal and degree ued funding through 2007 will support additional students and ongoing collaboration with AIAN communities at both MS and PhD Bridge scholars complete their degrees, they will be positioned for leadership in the implementation of research programs aimed at eliminating AIAN health ledgments The work described here was supported by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (R25GM63249-01 and R25GM63249-02).Contributions and support from the administration, faculty, and staff of partnership schools are acknowledged with great sadness, we report that Roxanne Struthers died on December 10, work and example continue to motivate and inform our respect and honor, we thank the elders, medicine people, and spiritual leaders, and the academic consultants who have guided our Participant Protection Notes Contributors S.Henly drafted the article and coordinated contributions of other me do custom thesis proposal construction trades british proofreading double spaced 50 pages / 13750 words Struthers proposed the activities for tribal community served as academic consultant and facilitated elder was site coordinator at the University of North Dakota, and B How to get an thesis proposal construction trades professional double spaced American Rewriting was site coordinator at the University of North Dakota, and B.Patchell was site coordinator at University of Oklahoma College of authors reviewed and commented on the article and participated in creation of the past presentations, proposals, and project reports on which it is based Best website to write thesis proposal construction trades Platinum 24 pages / 6600 words Business authors reviewed and commented on the article and participated in creation of the past presentations, proposals, and project reports on which it is ment of Health and Human lle, Md: Indian Health Service, Division of Program Statistics; ble at: /pub-licinfo/publications/trends97/ .

WHO Issues New Health Life Expectancy , Switzerland: World Health Organization; ans with disabilities: 1994–1995, Table : Disability Status of Persons 65 and Older by Race and Hispanic gton, DC: US Bureau of the Census; gton, DC: National Indian Education Association; ating racial and ethnic : FY 2000 Performance Plan and Revised Final FY 1999 Performance a, Ga: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; es to Keep: Public Health Policy for American Indians and Alaska Natives in the 21st gton, DC: American Public Health Association; 2001:xix– future of Indian health through legislation: reauthorization of the Indian Health Care Improvement ating health disparities: focal points for advocacy and JG, Haldane SL, Keltner BR, Strickland CJ, Tom-Orme L.National Alaska Native American Indian nurses association: reducing health disparities within American Indian and Alaska Native ling the spirit/reconnecting the circle.A Publication of the National Alaska Native American Indian Nurses ment of Health and Human hensive Health Care Programs for American Indians and Alaska gton, DC: Indian Health Service; ble at: /NonMedicalPrograms/Profiles/ .The metaparadigm of nursing: present status and future s Affecting Tribal Choice of Health Care : A Forum on the Implications of Changes in the Health Care Environment for Native American Health al Institute of General Medical da, MD: National Institutes of Health; presented at: Bridges Program Directors Meeting; June 2003; Tahoe City, status of nursing among minority populations: focus on the American Indian/Alaska gies for recruitment, retention, and graduation of minority nurses in colleges of gton, DC: American Nurses Publishing; York, NY: Hartford Foundation Institute for Geriatric Nursing; ble at /research/scholarsFellows/ .Warriors in education: persistence among American Indian doctoral appearances: the philosophical and sociological issues confronting nurse educators in response to changes in health care delivery and population gies for Rrecruitment, Retention, and Graduation of Minority Nurses in Colleges of gton, DC: American Nurses Publishing; ulturalism and pluralistic thought in nursing education: Native American worldview and nursing academic son SS, Neary MA, Hyche-Johnson M.

Native American graduate nursing students in a university Experiences of Native American Nurses: The Journey to Earn a Graduate Nursing Degree dissertation .Miami Shores, Fla: Barry University; y experiences teaching Native American students in a university Lived Experience of Ojibwa and Cree Women Healers dissertation .Minneapolis, Minn: University of Minnesota, Twin Cities; ities in health and health care: Focusing efforts to eliminate unequal uction: eliminating health disparities among racial and ethnic minorities in the United Articles from American Journal of Public Health are provided here courtesy of American Public Health Association Sort Group Concept